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Parameterized Complexity of Equality MinCSP

Authors: George Osipov and Magnus Wahlström

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)

We study the parameterized complexity of MinCSP for so-called equality languages, i.e., for finite languages over an infinite domain such as ℕ, where the relations are defined via first-order formulas whose only predicate is =. This is an important class of languages that forms the starting point of all study of infinite-domain CSPs under the commonly used approach pioneered by Bodirsky, i.e., languages defined as reducts of finitely bounded homogeneous structures. Moreover, MinCSP over equality languages forms a natural class of optimisation problems in its own right, covering such problems as Edge Multicut, Steiner Multicut and (under singleton expansion) Edge Multiway Cut. We classify MinCSP(Γ) for every finite equality language Γ, under the natural parameter, as either FPT, W[1]-hard but admitting a constant-factor FPT-approximation, or not admitting a constant-factor FPT-approximation unless FPT=W[2]. In particular, we describe an FPT case that slightly generalises Multicut, and show a constant-factor FPT-approximation for Disjunctive Multicut, the generalisation of Multicut where the "cut requests" come as disjunctions over O(1) individual cut requests s_i ≠ t_i. We also consider singleton expansions of equality languages, enriching an equality language with the capability for assignment constraints (x = i) for either a finite or infinitely many constants i, and fully characterize the complexity of the resulting MinCSP.

Cite as

George Osipov and Magnus Wahlström. Parameterized Complexity of Equality MinCSP. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 86:1-86:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

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  author =	{Osipov, George and Wahlstr\"{o}m, Magnus},
  title =	{{Parameterized Complexity of Equality MinCSP}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{86:1--86:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.86},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187393},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.86},
  annote =	{Keywords: parameterized complexity, constraint satisfaction, parameterized approximation}
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