18 Search Results for "Oveis Gharan, Shayan"


Document
Matching Algorithms in the Sparse Stochastic Block Model

Authors: Anna Brandenberger, Byron Chin, Nathan S. Sheffield, and Divya Shyamal

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 302, 35th International Conference on Probabilistic, Combinatorial and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms (AofA 2024)


Abstract
In sparse Erdős-Rényi graphs, it is known that a linear-time algorithm of Karp and Sipser achieves near-optimal matching sizes asymptotically almost surely, giving a law-of-large numbers for the matching numbers of such graphs in terms of solutions to an ODE [Jonathan Aronson et al., 1998]. We provide an extension of this analysis, identifying broad ranges of stochastic block model parameters for which the Karp-Sipser algorithm achieves near-optimal matching sizes, but demonstrating that it cannot perform optimally on general stochastic block model instances. We also consider the problem of constructing a matching online, in which the vertices of one half of a bipartite stochastic block model arrive one-at-a-time, and must be matched as they arrive. We show that, when the expected degrees in all communities are equal, the competitive ratio lower bound of 0.837 found by Mastin and Jaillet for the Erdős-Rényi case [Andrew Mastin and Patrick Jaillet, 2013] is achieved by a simple greedy algorithm, and this competitive ratio is optimal. We then propose and analyze a linear-time online matching algorithm with better performance in general stochastic block models.

Cite as

Anna Brandenberger, Byron Chin, Nathan S. Sheffield, and Divya Shyamal. Matching Algorithms in the Sparse Stochastic Block Model. In 35th International Conference on Probabilistic, Combinatorial and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms (AofA 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 302, pp. 16:1-16:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{brandenberger_et_al:LIPIcs.AofA.2024.16,
  author =	{Brandenberger, Anna and Chin, Byron and Sheffield, Nathan S. and Shyamal, Divya},
  title =	{{Matching Algorithms in the Sparse Stochastic Block Model}},
  booktitle =	{35th International Conference on Probabilistic, Combinatorial and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms (AofA 2024)},
  pages =	{16:1--16:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-329-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{302},
  editor =	{Mailler, C\'{e}cile and Wild, Sebastian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.AofA.2024.16},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-204515},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.AofA.2024.16},
  annote =	{Keywords: Matching Algorithms, Online Matching, Stochastic Block Model}
}
Document
Multicoloured Hardcore Model: Fast Mixing and Its Applications as a Scheduling Algorithm

Authors: Sam Olesker-Taylor

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 302, 35th International Conference on Probabilistic, Combinatorial and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms (AofA 2024)


Abstract
In the hardcore model, certain vertices in a graph are active: the active vertices must form an independent set. We extend this to a multicoloured version: instead of simply being active or not, the active vertices are assigned a colour; active vertices of the same colour must not be adjacent. This models a scenario in which two neighbouring resources may interfere when active - eg, short-range radio communication. However, there are multiple channels (colours) available; they only interfere if both use the same channel. Other applications include routing in fibreoptic networks. We analyse Glauber dynamics. Vertices update their status at random times, at which a uniform colour is proposed: the vertex is assigned that colour if it is available; otherwise, it is set inactive. We find conditions for fast mixing of these dynamics. We also use them to model a queueing system: vertices only serve customers in their queue whilst active. The mixing estimates are applied to establish positive recurrence of the queue lengths, and bound their expectation in equilibrium.

Cite as

Sam Olesker-Taylor. Multicoloured Hardcore Model: Fast Mixing and Its Applications as a Scheduling Algorithm. In 35th International Conference on Probabilistic, Combinatorial and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms (AofA 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 302, pp. 20:1-20:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{oleskertaylor:LIPIcs.AofA.2024.20,
  author =	{Olesker-Taylor, Sam},
  title =	{{Multicoloured Hardcore Model: Fast Mixing and Its Applications as a Scheduling Algorithm}},
  booktitle =	{35th International Conference on Probabilistic, Combinatorial and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms (AofA 2024)},
  pages =	{20:1--20:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-329-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{302},
  editor =	{Mailler, C\'{e}cile and Wild, Sebastian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.AofA.2024.20},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-204558},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.AofA.2024.20},
  annote =	{Keywords: mixing time, queueing theory, hardcore model, proper colourings, independent set, data transmission, randomised algorithms, routing, scheduling, multihop wireless networks}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
On the Streaming Complexity of Expander Decomposition

Authors: Yu Chen, Michael Kapralov, Mikhail Makarov, and Davide Mazzali

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In this paper we study the problem of finding (ε, ϕ)-expander decompositions of a graph in the streaming model, in particular for dynamic streams of edge insertions and deletions. The goal is to partition the vertex set so that every component induces a ϕ-expander, while the number of inter-cluster edges is only an ε fraction of the total volume. It was recently shown that there exists a simple algorithm to construct a (O(ϕ log n), ϕ)-expander decomposition of an n-vertex graph using Õ(n/ϕ²) bits of space [Filtser, Kapralov, Makarov, ITCS'23]. This result calls for understanding the extent to which a dependence in space on the sparsity parameter ϕ is inherent. We move towards answering this question on two fronts. We prove that a (O(ϕ log n), ϕ)-expander decomposition can be found using Õ(n) space, for every ϕ. At the core of our result is the first streaming algorithm for computing boundary-linked expander decompositions, a recently introduced strengthening of the classical notion [Goranci et al., SODA'21]. The key advantage is that a classical sparsifier [Fung et al., STOC'11], with size independent of ϕ, preserves the cuts inside the clusters of a boundary-linked expander decomposition within a multiplicative error. Notable algorithmic applications use sequences of expander decompositions, in particular one often repeatedly computes a decomposition of the subgraph induced by the inter-cluster edges (e.g., the seminal work of Spielman and Teng on spectral sparsifiers [Spielman, Teng, SIAM Journal of Computing 40(4)], or the recent maximum flow breakthrough [Chen et al., FOCS'22], among others). We prove that any streaming algorithm that computes a sequence of (O(ϕ log n), ϕ)-expander decompositions requires Ω̃(n/ϕ) bits of space, even in insertion only streams.

Cite as

Yu Chen, Michael Kapralov, Mikhail Makarov, and Davide Mazzali. On the Streaming Complexity of Expander Decomposition. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 46:1-46:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{chen_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.46,
  author =	{Chen, Yu and Kapralov, Michael and Makarov, Mikhail and Mazzali, Davide},
  title =	{{On the Streaming Complexity of Expander Decomposition}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{46:1--46:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.46},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201890},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.46},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Sketching, Dynamic Streaming, Expander Decomposition}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Sublinear Algorithms for TSP via Path Covers

Authors: Soheil Behnezhad, Mohammad Roghani, Aviad Rubinstein, and Amin Saberi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We study sublinear time algorithms for the traveling salesman problem (TSP). First, we focus on the closely related maximum path cover problem, which asks for a collection of vertex disjoint paths that include the maximum number of edges. We show that for any fixed ε > 0, there is an algorithm that (1/2 - ε)-approximates the maximum path cover size of an n-vertex graph in Õ(n) time. This improves upon a (3/8-ε)-approximate Õ(n √n)-time algorithm of Chen, Kannan, and Khanna [ICALP'20]. Equipped with our path cover algorithm, we give an Õ(n) time algorithm that estimates the cost of (1,2)-TSP within a factor of (1.5+ε) which is an improvement over a folklore (1.75 + ε)-approximate Õ(n)-time algorithm, as well as a (1.625+ε)-approximate Õ(n√n)-time algorithm of [CHK ICALP'20]. For graphic TSP, we present an Õ(n) algorithm that estimates the cost of graphic TSP within a factor of 1.83 which is an improvement over a 1.92-approximate Õ(n) time algorithm due to [CHK ICALP'20, Behnezhad FOCS'21]. We show that the approximation can be further improved to 1.66 using n^{2-Ω(1)} time. All of our Õ(n) time algorithms are information-theoretically time-optimal up to polylog n factors. Additionally, we show that our approximation guarantees for path cover and (1,2)-TSP hit a natural barrier: We show better approximations require better sublinear time algorithms for the well-studied maximum matching problem.

Cite as

Soheil Behnezhad, Mohammad Roghani, Aviad Rubinstein, and Amin Saberi. Sublinear Algorithms for TSP via Path Covers. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 19:1-19:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{behnezhad_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.19,
  author =	{Behnezhad, Soheil and Roghani, Mohammad and Rubinstein, Aviad and Saberi, Amin},
  title =	{{Sublinear Algorithms for TSP via Path Covers}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201623},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: Sublinear Algorithms, Traveling Salesman Problem, Approximation Algorithm, (1, 2)-TSP, Graphic TSP}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
A Spectral Approach to Approximately Counting Independent Sets in Dense Bipartite Graphs

Authors: Charlie Carlson, Ewan Davies, Alexandra Kolla, and Aditya Potukuchi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We give a randomized algorithm that approximates the number of independent sets in a dense, regular bipartite graph - in the language of approximate counting, we give an FPRAS for #BIS on the class of dense, regular bipartite graphs. Efficient counting algorithms typically apply to "high-temperature" problems on bounded-degree graphs, and our contribution is a notable exception as it applies to dense graphs in a low-temperature setting. Our methods give a counting-focused complement to the long line of work in combinatorial optimization showing that CSPs such as Max-Cut and Unique Games are easy on dense graphs via spectral arguments. Our contributions include a novel extension of the method of graph containers that differs considerably from other recent low-temperature algorithms. The additional key insights come from spectral graph theory and have previously been successful in approximation algorithms. As a result, we can overcome some limitations that seem inherent to the aforementioned class of algorithms. In particular, we exploit the fact that dense, regular graphs exhibit a kind of small-set expansion (i.e., bounded threshold rank), which, via subspace enumeration, lets us enumerate small cuts efficiently.

Cite as

Charlie Carlson, Ewan Davies, Alexandra Kolla, and Aditya Potukuchi. A Spectral Approach to Approximately Counting Independent Sets in Dense Bipartite Graphs. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 35:1-35:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{carlson_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.35,
  author =	{Carlson, Charlie and Davies, Ewan and Kolla, Alexandra and Potukuchi, Aditya},
  title =	{{A Spectral Approach to Approximately Counting Independent Sets in Dense Bipartite Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{35:1--35:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.35},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201782},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.35},
  annote =	{Keywords: approximate counting, independent sets, bipartite graphs, graph containers}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
An FPRAS for Two Terminal Reliability in Directed Acyclic Graphs

Authors: Weiming Feng and Heng Guo

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We give a fully polynomial-time randomized approximation scheme (FPRAS) for two terminal reliability in directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). In contrast, we also show the complementing problem of approximating two terminal unreliability in DAGs is #BIS-hard.

Cite as

Weiming Feng and Heng Guo. An FPRAS for Two Terminal Reliability in Directed Acyclic Graphs. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 62:1-62:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{feng_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.62,
  author =	{Feng, Weiming and Guo, Heng},
  title =	{{An FPRAS for Two Terminal Reliability in Directed Acyclic Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{62:1--62:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.62},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202057},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.62},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximate counting, Network reliability, Sampling algorithm}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
A Note on Approximating Weighted Nash Social Welfare with Additive Valuations

Authors: Yuda Feng and Shi Li

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We give the first O(1)-approximation for the weighted Nash Social Welfare problem with additive valuations. The approximation ratio we obtain is e^{1/e} + ε ≈ 1.445 + ε, which matches the best known approximation ratio for the unweighted case [Barman et al., 2018]. Both our algorithm and analysis are simple. We solve a natural configuration LP for the problem, and obtain the allocation of items to agents using a randomized version of the Shmoys-Tardos rounding algorithm developed for unrelated machine scheduling problems [Shmoys and Tardos, 1993]. In the analysis, we show that the approximation ratio of the algorithm is at most the worst gap between the Nash social welfare of the optimum allocation and that of an EF1 allocation, for an unweighted Nash Social Welfare instance with identical additive valuations. This was shown to be at most e^{1/e} ≈ 1.445 by Barman et al. [Barman et al., 2018], leading to our approximation ratio.

Cite as

Yuda Feng and Shi Li. A Note on Approximating Weighted Nash Social Welfare with Additive Valuations. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 63:1-63:9, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{feng_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.63,
  author =	{Feng, Yuda and Li, Shi},
  title =	{{A Note on Approximating Weighted Nash Social Welfare with Additive Valuations}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{63:1--63:9},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.63},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202068},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.63},
  annote =	{Keywords: Nash Social Welfare, Configuration LP, Approximation Algorithms}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Minimizing Symmetric Convex Functions over Hybrid of Continuous and Discrete Convex Sets

Authors: Yasushi Kawase, Koichi Nishimura, and Hanna Sumita

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We study the problem of minimizing a given symmetric strictly convex function over the Minkowski sum of an integral base-polyhedron and an M-convex set. This problem has a hybrid of continuous and discrete structures. This emerges from the problem of allocating mixed goods, consisting of both divisible and indivisible goods, to agents with binary valuations so that the fairness measure, such as the Nash welfare, is maximized. It is known that both an integral base-polyhedron and an M-convex set have similar and nice properties, and the non-hybrid case can be solved in polynomial time. While the hybrid case lacks some of these properties, we show the structure of an optimal solution. Moreover, we exploit a proximity inherent in the problem. Through our findings, we demonstrate that our problem is NP-hard even in the fair allocation setting where all indivisible goods are identical. Moreover, we provide a polynomial-time algorithm for the fair allocation problem when all divisible goods are identical.

Cite as

Yasushi Kawase, Koichi Nishimura, and Hanna Sumita. Minimizing Symmetric Convex Functions over Hybrid of Continuous and Discrete Convex Sets. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 96:1-96:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{kawase_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.96,
  author =	{Kawase, Yasushi and Nishimura, Koichi and Sumita, Hanna},
  title =	{{Minimizing Symmetric Convex Functions over Hybrid of Continuous and Discrete Convex Sets}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{96:1--96:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.96},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202393},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.96},
  annote =	{Keywords: Integral base-polyhedron, Fair allocation, Matroid}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
From Trees to Polynomials and Back Again: New Capacity Bounds with Applications to TSP

Authors: Leonid Gurvits, Nathan Klein, and Jonathan Leake

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We give simply exponential lower bounds on the probabilities of a given strongly Rayleigh distribution, depending only on its expectation. This resolves a weak version of a problem left open by Karlin-Klein-Oveis Gharan in their recent breakthrough work on metric TSP, and this resolution leads to a minor improvement of their approximation factor for metric TSP. Our results also allow for a more streamlined analysis of the algorithm. To achieve these new bounds, we build upon the work of Gurvits-Leake on the use of the productization technique for bounding the capacity of a real stable polynomial. This technique allows one to reduce certain inequalities for real stable polynomials to products of affine linear forms, which have an underlying matrix structure. In this paper, we push this technique further by characterizing the worst-case polynomials via bipartitioned forests. This rigid combinatorial structure yields a clean induction argument, which implies our stronger bounds. In general, we believe the results of this paper will lead to further improvement and simplification of the analysis of various combinatorial and probabilistic bounds and algorithms.

Cite as

Leonid Gurvits, Nathan Klein, and Jonathan Leake. From Trees to Polynomials and Back Again: New Capacity Bounds with Applications to TSP. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 79:1-79:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{gurvits_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.79,
  author =	{Gurvits, Leonid and Klein, Nathan and Leake, Jonathan},
  title =	{{From Trees to Polynomials and Back Again: New Capacity Bounds with Applications to TSP}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{79:1--79:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.79},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202229},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.79},
  annote =	{Keywords: traveling salesman problem, strongly Rayleigh distributions, polynomial capacity, probability lower bounds, combinatorial lower bounds}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
A Sublinear Time Tester for Max-Cut on Clusterable Graphs

Authors: Agastya Vibhuti Jha and Akash Kumar

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
One natural question in the area of sublinear time algorithms asks whether we can distinguish between graphs with max-cut value at least 1-ε from graphs with max-cut value at most 1/2+ε in the adjacency list model where we can make degree queries and neighbor queries. Chiplunkar, Kapralov, Khanna, Mousavifar, and Peres (FOCS' 18) showed that in graphs of bounded degree, one cannot hope for a factor 1/2+ε approximation to the max-cut value in time n^{1/2+o(ε)}. Recently, Peng and Yoshida (SODA '23) obtained o(n) time algorithms which can distinguish expanders with max-cut value at least 1-ε from expanders with small max-cut value (their running time is n^{1/2+O(ε)}). In this paper, going beyond the results of Peng-Yoshida, we develop sublinear time algorithms for this problem on clusterable graphs (which is a graph class with a good community structure). Our algorithms run in ≈ n^{0.5001+ O(ε)} time. A natural extension of Peng-Yoshida approach does not seem to work for clusterable graphs. Indeed, their random walk based technique tracks the 𝓁₂ length of random walk vectors and they exploit the difference in the length of these vectors to tell apart expanders with large cut value from expanders with small cut-value. Such approaches fail to be reliable when graph has loosely connected clusters. Taking inspiration from [Ashish Chiplunkar et al., 2018], we exploit the more refined geometry of spectra of clusterable graphs which leads to our sublinear time implementation. We prove a novel spectral lemma which shows that in a spectral expander 2 - λ_{n-1} ≥ Ω(λ₂). This lemma is leveraged to show that there is a suitable difference between spectra of clusterable graphs with large cut value and spectra of clusterable graphs with small cut value. We use this gap to obtain our sublinear time implementation. To do this, we obtain a nuanced understanding of the eigenvector structure of clusterable graphs and in particular, we show that the eigenvectors of the normalized Laplacian of a clusterable graph, corresponding to eigenvalues which are close to 2 have a small infinity norm.

Cite as

Agastya Vibhuti Jha and Akash Kumar. A Sublinear Time Tester for Max-Cut on Clusterable Graphs. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 91:1-91:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{jha_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.91,
  author =	{Jha, Agastya Vibhuti and Kumar, Akash},
  title =	{{A Sublinear Time Tester for Max-Cut on Clusterable Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{91:1--91:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.91},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202344},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.91},
  annote =	{Keywords: Sublinear Algorithms, Graph Algorithms, Clusterable Graphs, Property Testung}
}
Document
RANDOM
On Optimization and Counting of Non-Broken Bases of Matroids

Authors: Dorna Abdolazimi, Kasper Lindberg, and Shayan Oveis Gharan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 275, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2023)


Abstract
Given a matroid M = (E,I), and a total ordering over the elements E, a broken circuit is a circuit where the smallest element is removed and an NBC independent set is an independent set in I with no broken circuit. The set of NBC independent sets of any matroid M define a simplicial complex called the broken circuit complex which has been the subject of intense study in combinatorics. Recently, Adiprasito, Huh and Katz showed that the face of numbers of any broken circuit complex form a log-concave sequence, proving a long-standing conjecture of Rota. We study counting and optimization problems on NBC bases of a generic matroid. We find several fundamental differences with the independent set complex: for example, we show that it is NP-hard to find the max-weight NBC base of a matroid or that the convex hull of NBC bases of a matroid has edges of arbitrary large length. We also give evidence that the natural down-up walk on the space of NBC bases of a matroid may not mix rapidly by showing that for some family of matroids it is NP-hard to count the number of NBC bases after certain conditionings.

Cite as

Dorna Abdolazimi, Kasper Lindberg, and Shayan Oveis Gharan. On Optimization and Counting of Non-Broken Bases of Matroids. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 275, pp. 40:1-40:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abdolazimi_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2023.40,
  author =	{Abdolazimi, Dorna and Lindberg, Kasper and Gharan, Shayan Oveis},
  title =	{{On Optimization and Counting of Non-Broken Bases of Matroids}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2023)},
  pages =	{40:1--40:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-296-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{275},
  editor =	{Megow, Nicole and Smith, Adam},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2023.40},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-188653},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2023.40},
  annote =	{Keywords: Complexity, Hardness, Optimization, Counting, Random walk, Local to Global, Matroids}
}
Document
An Improved Trickle down Theorem for Partite Complexes

Authors: Dorna Abdolazimi and Shayan Oveis Gharan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 264, 38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)


Abstract
We prove a strengthening of the trickle down theorem for partite complexes. Given a (d+1)-partite d-dimensional simplicial complex, we show that if "on average" the links of faces of co-dimension 2 are (1-δ)/d-(one-sided) spectral expanders, then the link of any face of co-dimension k is an O((1-δ)/(kδ))-(one-sided) spectral expander, for all 3 ≤ k ≤ d+1. For an application, using our theorem as a black-box, we show that links of faces of co-dimension k in recent constructions of bounded degree high dimensional expanders have spectral expansion at most O(1/k) fraction of the spectral expansion of the links of the worst faces of co-dimension 2.

Cite as

Dorna Abdolazimi and Shayan Oveis Gharan. An Improved Trickle down Theorem for Partite Complexes. In 38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 264, pp. 10:1-10:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abdolazimi_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2023.10,
  author =	{Abdolazimi, Dorna and Oveis Gharan, Shayan},
  title =	{{An Improved Trickle down Theorem for Partite Complexes}},
  booktitle =	{38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-282-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{264},
  editor =	{Ta-Shma, Amnon},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182807},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Simplicial complexes, High dimensional expanders, Trickle down theorem, Bounded degree high dimensional expanders, Locally testable codes, Random walks}
}
Document
Invited Talk
A (Slightly) Improved Approximation Algorithm for the Metric Traveling Salesperson Problem (Invited Talk)

Authors: Anna R. Karlin

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)


Abstract
We describe recent joint work with Nathan Klein and Shayan Oveis Gharan showing that for any metric TSP instance, the max entropy algorithm studied by [Anna R. Karlin et al., 2021] returns a solution of expected cost at most 3/2-ε times the cost of the optimal solution to the subtour elimination LP and hence is a 3/2-ε approximation for the metric TSP problem. The research discussed comes from [Anna R. Karlin et al., 2021], [Anna R. Karlin et al., 2022] and [Anna R. Karlin et al., 2022].

Cite as

Anna R. Karlin. A (Slightly) Improved Approximation Algorithm for the Metric Traveling Salesperson Problem (Invited Talk). In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, p. 1:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{karlin:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.1,
  author =	{Karlin, Anna R.},
  title =	{{A (Slightly) Improved Approximation Algorithm for the Metric Traveling Salesperson Problem}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-180531},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Traveling Salesperson Problem, approximation algorithm}
}
Document
Matroid Partition Property and the Secretary Problem

Authors: Dorna Abdolazimi, Anna R. Karlin, Nathan Klein, and Shayan Oveis Gharan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 251, 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)


Abstract
A matroid M on a set E of elements has the α-partition property, for some α > 0, if it is possible to (randomly) construct a partition matroid 𝒫 on (a subset of) elements of M such that every independent set of 𝒫 is independent in M and for any weight function w:E → ℝ_{≥0}, the expected value of the optimum of the matroid secretary problem on 𝒫 is at least an α-fraction of the optimum on M. We show that the complete binary matroid, B_d on 𝔽₂^d does not satisfy the α-partition property for any constant α > 0 (independent of d). Furthermore, we refute a recent conjecture of [Kristóf Bérczi et al., 2021] by showing the same matroid is 2^d/d-colorable but cannot be reduced to an α 2^d/d-colorable partition matroid for any α that is sublinear in d.

Cite as

Dorna Abdolazimi, Anna R. Karlin, Nathan Klein, and Shayan Oveis Gharan. Matroid Partition Property and the Secretary Problem. In 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 251, pp. 2:1-2:9, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abdolazimi_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.2,
  author =	{Abdolazimi, Dorna and Karlin, Anna R. and Klein, Nathan and Oveis Gharan, Shayan},
  title =	{{Matroid Partition Property and the Secretary Problem}},
  booktitle =	{14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:9},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-263-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{251},
  editor =	{Tauman Kalai, Yael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-175051},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Online algorithms, Matroids, Matroid secretary problem}
}
Document
Counting and Sampling Perfect Matchings in Regular Expanding Non-Bipartite Graphs

Authors: Farzam Ebrahimnejad, Ansh Nagda, and Shayan Oveis Gharan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 215, 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)


Abstract
We show that the ratio of the number of near perfect matchings to the number of perfect matchings in d-regular strong expander (non-bipartite) graphs, with 2n vertices, is a polynomial in n, thus the Jerrum and Sinclair Markov chain [Jerrum and Sinclair, 1989] mixes in polynomial time and generates an (almost) uniformly random perfect matching. Furthermore, we prove that such graphs have at least Ω(d)ⁿ many perfect matchings, thus proving the Lovasz-Plummer conjecture [L. Lovász and M.D. Plummer, 1986] for this family of graphs.

Cite as

Farzam Ebrahimnejad, Ansh Nagda, and Shayan Oveis Gharan. Counting and Sampling Perfect Matchings in Regular Expanding Non-Bipartite Graphs. In 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 215, pp. 61:1-61:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ebrahimnejad_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.61,
  author =	{Ebrahimnejad, Farzam and Nagda, Ansh and Gharan, Shayan Oveis},
  title =	{{Counting and Sampling Perfect Matchings in Regular Expanding Non-Bipartite Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)},
  pages =	{61:1--61:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-217-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{215},
  editor =	{Braverman, Mark},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.61},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-156579},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.61},
  annote =	{Keywords: perfect matchings, approximate sampling, approximate counting, expanders}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 4 Oveis Gharan, Shayan
  • 3 Abdolazimi, Dorna
  • 2 Anari, Nima
  • 2 Gharan, Shayan Oveis
  • 2 Karlin, Anna R.
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 3 Mathematics of computing → Approximation algorithms
  • 3 Theory of computation → Approximation algorithms analysis
  • 3 Theory of computation → Random walks and Markov chains
  • 2 Theory of computation → Expander graphs and randomness extractors
  • 2 Theory of computation → Streaming, sublinear and near linear time algorithms
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 2 Approximate counting
  • 2 Matroids
  • 2 Sublinear Algorithms
  • 2 approximate counting
  • 1 (1
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 18 document

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 10 2024
  • 4 2023
  • 1 2017
  • 1 2018
  • 1 2021
  • Show More...