4 Search Results for "Stan, Ionel Eduard"


Document
A Sound and Complete Tableau System for Fuzzy Halpern and Shoham’s Interval Temporal Logic

Authors: Willem Conradie, Riccardo Monego, Emilio Muñoz-Velasco, Guido Sciavicco, and Ionel Eduard Stan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 278, 30th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2023)


Abstract
Interval temporal logic plays a critical role in various applications, including planning, scheduling, and formal verification; recently, interval temporal logic has also been successfully applied to learning from temporal data. Halpern and Shoham’s interval temporal logic, in particular, stands out as a very intuitive, yet expressive, interval-based formalism. To address real-world scenarios involving uncertainty and imprecision, Halpern and Shoham’s logic has been recently generalized to the fuzzy (many-valued) case. The resulting language capitalizes on many-valued modal logics, allowing for a range of truth values that reflect multiple expert perspectives, but inherits the bad computational behaviour of its crisp counterpart. In this work, we investigate a sound and complete tableau system for fuzzy Halpern and Shoham’s logic, which, although possibly non-terminating, offers a semi-decision procedure for the finite case.

Cite as

Willem Conradie, Riccardo Monego, Emilio Muñoz-Velasco, Guido Sciavicco, and Ionel Eduard Stan. A Sound and Complete Tableau System for Fuzzy Halpern and Shoham’s Interval Temporal Logic. In 30th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 278, pp. 9:1-9:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{conradie_et_al:LIPIcs.TIME.2023.9,
  author =	{Conradie, Willem and Monego, Riccardo and Mu\~{n}oz-Velasco, Emilio and Sciavicco, Guido and Stan, Ionel Eduard},
  title =	{{A Sound and Complete Tableau System for Fuzzy Halpern and Shoham’s Interval Temporal Logic}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2023)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-298-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{278},
  editor =	{Artikis, Alexander and Bruse, Florian and Hunsberger, Luke},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2023.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-190996},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2023.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: Interval temporal logic, many-valued logic, tableau system}
}
Document
Neural-Symbolic Temporal Decision Trees for Multivariate Time Series Classification

Authors: Giovanni Pagliarini, Simone Scaboro, Giuseppe Serra, Guido Sciavicco, and Ionel Eduard Stan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 247, 29th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2022)


Abstract
Multivariate time series classification is a widely known problem, and its applications are ubiquitous. Due to their strong generalization capability, neural networks have been proven to be very powerful for the task, but their applicability is often limited by their intrinsic black-box nature. Recently, temporal decision trees have been shown to be a serious alternative to neural networks for the same task in terms of classification performances, while attaining higher levels of transparency and interpretability. In this work, we propose an initial approach to neural-symbolic temporal decision trees, that is, an hybrid method that leverages on both the ability of neural networks of capturing temporal patterns and the flexibility of temporal decision trees of taking decisions on intervals based on (possibly, externally computed) temporal features. While based on a proof-of-concept implementation, in our experiments on public datasets, neural-symbolic temporal decision trees show promising results.

Cite as

Giovanni Pagliarini, Simone Scaboro, Giuseppe Serra, Guido Sciavicco, and Ionel Eduard Stan. Neural-Symbolic Temporal Decision Trees for Multivariate Time Series Classification. In 29th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 247, pp. 13:1-13:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{pagliarini_et_al:LIPIcs.TIME.2022.13,
  author =	{Pagliarini, Giovanni and Scaboro, Simone and Serra, Giuseppe and Sciavicco, Guido and Stan, Ionel Eduard},
  title =	{{Neural-Symbolic Temporal Decision Trees for Multivariate Time Series Classification}},
  booktitle =	{29th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2022)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-262-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{247},
  editor =	{Artikis, Alexander and Posenato, Roberto and Tonetta, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2022.13},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-172607},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2022.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: Machine learning, neural-symbolic, temporal logic, hybrid temporal decision trees}
}
Document
Interval Temporal Random Forests with an Application to COVID-19 Diagnosis

Authors: Federico Manzella, Giovanni Pagliarini, Guido Sciavicco, and Ionel Eduard Stan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 206, 28th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2021)


Abstract
Symbolic learning is the logic-based approach to machine learning. The mission of symbolic learning is to provide algorithms and methodologies to extract logical information from data and express it in an interpretable way. In the context of temporal data, interval temporal logic has been recently proposed as a suitable tool for symbolic learning, specifically via the design of an interval temporal logic decision tree extraction algorithm. Building on it, we study here its natural generalization to interval temporal random forests, mimicking the corresponding schema at the propositional level. Interval temporal random forests turn out to be a very performing multivariate time series classification method, which, despite the introduction of a functional component, are still logically interpretable to some extent. We apply this method to the problem of diagnosing COVID-19 based on the time series that emerge from cough and breath recording of positive versus negative subjects. Our experiment show that our models achieve very high accuracies and sensitivities, often superior to those achieved by classical methods on the same data. Although other recent approaches to the same problem (based on different and more numerous data) show even better statistical results, our solution is the first logic-based, interpretable, and explainable one.

Cite as

Federico Manzella, Giovanni Pagliarini, Guido Sciavicco, and Ionel Eduard Stan. Interval Temporal Random Forests with an Application to COVID-19 Diagnosis. In 28th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 206, pp. 7:1-7:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{manzella_et_al:LIPIcs.TIME.2021.7,
  author =	{Manzella, Federico and Pagliarini, Giovanni and Sciavicco, Guido and Stan, Ionel Eduard},
  title =	{{Interval Temporal Random Forests with an Application to COVID-19 Diagnosis}},
  booktitle =	{28th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2021)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-206-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{206},
  editor =	{Combi, Carlo and Eder, Johann and Reynolds, Mark},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2021.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-147837},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2021.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: Interval temporal logic, decision trees, random forests, sound-based diagnosis}
}
Document
Knowledge Extraction with Interval Temporal Logic Decision Trees

Authors: Guido Sciavicco and Ionel Eduard Stan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 178, 27th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2020)


Abstract
Multivariate temporal, or time, series classification is, in a way, the temporal generalization of (numeric) classification, as every instance is described by multiple time series instead of multiple values. Symbolic classification is the machine learning strategy to extract explicit knowledge from a data set, and the problem of symbolic classification of multivariate temporal series requires the design, implementation, and test of ad-hoc machine learning algorithms, such as, for example, algorithms for the extraction of temporal versions of decision trees. One of the most well-known algorithms for decision tree extraction from categorical data is Quinlan’s ID3, which was later extended to deal with numerical attributes, resulting in an algorithm known as C4.5, and implemented in many open-sources data mining libraries, including the so-called Weka, which features an implementation of C4.5 called J48. ID3 was recently generalized to deal with temporal data in form of timelines, which can be seen as discrete (categorical) versions of multivariate time series, and such a generalization, based on the interval temporal logic HS, is known as Temporal ID3. In this paper we introduce Temporal C4.5, that allows the extraction of temporal decision trees from undiscretized multivariate time series, describe its implementation, called Temporal J48, and discuss the outcome of a set of experiments with the latter on a collection of public data sets, comparing the results with those obtained by other, classical, multivariate time series classification methods.

Cite as

Guido Sciavicco and Ionel Eduard Stan. Knowledge Extraction with Interval Temporal Logic Decision Trees. In 27th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 178, pp. 9:1-9:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{sciavicco_et_al:LIPIcs.TIME.2020.9,
  author =	{Sciavicco, Guido and Stan, Ionel Eduard},
  title =	{{Knowledge Extraction with Interval Temporal Logic Decision Trees}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2020)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-167-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{178},
  editor =	{Mu\~{n}oz-Velasco, Emilio and Ozaki, Ana and Theobald, Martin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2020.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-129776},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2020.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: Interval Temporal Logic, Decision Trees, Explainable AI, Time series}
}
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