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Database Repairing with Soft Functional Dependencies

Authors: Nofar Carmeli, Martin Grohe, Benny Kimelfeld, Ester Livshits, and Muhammad Tibi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 186, 24th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2021)

A common interpretation of soft constraints penalizes the database for every violation of every constraint, where the penalty is the cost (weight) of the constraint. A computational challenge is that of finding an optimal subset: a collection of database tuples that minimizes the total penalty when each tuple has a cost of being excluded. When the constraints are strict (i.e., have an infinite cost), this subset is a "cardinality repair" of an inconsistent database; in soft interpretations, this subset corresponds to a "most probable world" of a probabilistic database, a "most likely intention" of a probabilistic unclean database, and so on. Within the class of functional dependencies, the complexity of finding a cardinality repair is thoroughly understood. Yet, very little is known about the complexity of finding an optimal subset for the more general soft semantics. This paper makes a significant progress in this direction. In addition to general insights about the hardness and approximability of the problem, we present algorithms for two special cases: a single functional dependency, and a bipartite matching. The latter is the problem of finding an optimal "almost matching" of a bipartite graph where a penalty is paid for every lost edge and every violation of monogamy.

Cite as

Nofar Carmeli, Martin Grohe, Benny Kimelfeld, Ester Livshits, and Muhammad Tibi. Database Repairing with Soft Functional Dependencies. In 24th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 186, pp. 16:1-16:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

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  author =	{Carmeli, Nofar and Grohe, Martin and Kimelfeld, Benny and Livshits, Ester and Tibi, Muhammad},
  title =	{{Database Repairing with Soft Functional Dependencies}},
  booktitle =	{24th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2021)},
  pages =	{16:1--16:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-179-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{186},
  editor =	{Yi, Ke and Wei, Zhewei},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2021.16},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-137245},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2021.16},
  annote =	{Keywords: Database inconsistency, database repairs, integrity constraints, soft constraints, functional dependencies}
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