10 Search Results for "van der Zanden, Tom C."


Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Computing Tree Decompositions with Small Independence Number

Authors: Clément Dallard, Fedor V. Fomin, Petr A. Golovach, Tuukka Korhonen, and Martin Milanič

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
The independence number of a tree decomposition is the maximum of the independence numbers of the subgraphs induced by its bags. The tree-independence number of a graph is the minimum independence number of a tree decomposition of it. Several NP-hard graph problems, like maximum weight independent set, can be solved in time n^𝒪(k) if the input n-vertex graph is given together with a tree decomposition of independence number k. Yolov in [SODA 2018] gave an algorithm that given an n-vertex graph G and an integer k, in time n^𝒪(k³) either constructs a tree decomposition of G whose independence number is 𝒪(k³) or correctly reports that the tree-independence number of G is larger than k. In this paper, we first give an algorithm for computing the tree-independence number with a better approximation ratio and running time and then prove that our algorithm is, in some sense, the best one can hope for. More precisely, our algorithm runs in time 2^𝒪(k²) n^𝒪(k) and either outputs a tree decomposition of G with independence number at most 8k, or determines that the tree-independence number of G is larger than k. This implies 2^𝒪(k²) n^𝒪(k)-time algorithms for various problems, like maximum weight independent set, parameterized by the tree-independence number k without needing the decomposition as an input. Assuming Gap-ETH, an n^Ω(k) factor in the running time is unavoidable for any approximation algorithm for the tree-independence number. Our second result is that the exact computation of the tree-independence number is para-NP-hard: We show that for every constant k ≥ 4 it is NP-hard to decide if a given graph has the tree-independence number at most k.

Cite as

Clément Dallard, Fedor V. Fomin, Petr A. Golovach, Tuukka Korhonen, and Martin Milanič. Computing Tree Decompositions with Small Independence Number. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 51:1-51:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{dallard_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.51,
  author =	{Dallard, Cl\'{e}ment and Fomin, Fedor V. and Golovach, Petr A. and Korhonen, Tuukka and Milani\v{c}, Martin},
  title =	{{Computing Tree Decompositions with Small Independence Number}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{51:1--51:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.51},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201945},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.51},
  annote =	{Keywords: tree-independence number, approximation, parameterized algorithms}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Exploiting Automorphisms of Temporal Graphs for Fast Exploration and Rendezvous

Authors: Konstantinos Dogeas, Thomas Erlebach, Frank Kammer, Johannes Meintrup, and William K. Moses Jr.

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
Temporal graphs are dynamic graphs where the edge set can change in each time step, while the vertex set stays the same. Exploration of temporal graphs whose snapshot in each time step is a connected graph, called connected temporal graphs, has been widely studied. In this paper, we extend the concept of graph automorphisms from static graphs to temporal graphs and show for the first time that symmetries enable faster exploration: We prove that a connected temporal graph with n vertices and orbit number r (i.e., r is the number of automorphism orbits) can be explored in O(r n^{1+ε}) time steps, for any fixed ε > 0. For r = O(n^c) for constant c < 1, this is a significant improvement over the known tight worst-case bound of Θ(n²) time steps for arbitrary connected temporal graphs. We also give two lower bounds for temporal exploration, showing that Ω(n log n) time steps are required for some inputs with r = O(1) and that Ω(rn) time steps are required for some inputs for any r with 1 ≤ r ≤ n. Moreover, we show that the techniques we develop for fast exploration can be used to derive the following result for rendezvous: Two agents with different programs and without communication ability are placed by an adversary at arbitrary vertices and given full information about the connected temporal graph, except that they do not have consistent vertex labels. Then the two agents can meet at a common vertex after O(n^{1+ε}) time steps, for any constant ε > 0. For some connected temporal graphs with the orbit number being a constant, we also present a complementary lower bound of Ω(nlog n) time steps.

Cite as

Konstantinos Dogeas, Thomas Erlebach, Frank Kammer, Johannes Meintrup, and William K. Moses Jr.. Exploiting Automorphisms of Temporal Graphs for Fast Exploration and Rendezvous. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 55:1-55:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{dogeas_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.55,
  author =	{Dogeas, Konstantinos and Erlebach, Thomas and Kammer, Frank and Meintrup, Johannes and Moses Jr., William K.},
  title =	{{Exploiting Automorphisms of Temporal Graphs for Fast Exploration and Rendezvous}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{55:1--55:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.55},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201989},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.55},
  annote =	{Keywords: dynamic graphs, parameterized algorithms, algorithmic graph theory, graph automorphism, orbit number}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Solution Discovery via Reconfiguration for Problems in P

Authors: Mario Grobler, Stephanie Maaz, Nicole Megow, Amer E. Mouawad, Vijayaragunathan Ramamoorthi, Daniel Schmand, and Sebastian Siebertz

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In the recently introduced framework of solution discovery via reconfiguration [Fellows et al., ECAI 2023], we are given an initial configuration of k tokens on a graph and the question is whether we can transform this configuration into a feasible solution (for some problem) via a bounded number b of small modification steps. In this work, we study solution discovery variants of polynomial-time solvable problems, namely Spanning Tree Discovery, Shortest Path Discovery, Matching Discovery, and Vertex/Edge Cut Discovery in the unrestricted token addition/removal model, the token jumping model, and the token sliding model. In the unrestricted token addition/removal model, we show that all four discovery variants remain in P. For the token jumping model we also prove containment in P, except for Vertex/Edge Cut Discovery, for which we prove NP-completeness. Finally, in the token sliding model, almost all considered problems become NP-complete, the exception being Spanning Tree Discovery, which remains polynomial-time solvable. We then study the parameterized complexity of the NP-complete problems and provide a full classification of tractability with respect to the parameters solution size (number of tokens) k and transformation budget (number of steps) b. Along the way, we observe strong connections between the solution discovery variants of our base problems and their (weighted) rainbow variants as well as their red-blue variants with cardinality constraints.

Cite as

Mario Grobler, Stephanie Maaz, Nicole Megow, Amer E. Mouawad, Vijayaragunathan Ramamoorthi, Daniel Schmand, and Sebastian Siebertz. Solution Discovery via Reconfiguration for Problems in P. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 76:1-76:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{grobler_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.76,
  author =	{Grobler, Mario and Maaz, Stephanie and Megow, Nicole and Mouawad, Amer E. and Ramamoorthi, Vijayaragunathan and Schmand, Daniel and Siebertz, Sebastian},
  title =	{{Solution Discovery via Reconfiguration for Problems in P}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{76:1--76:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.76},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202195},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.76},
  annote =	{Keywords: solution discovery, reconfiguration, spanning tree, shortest path, matching, cut}
}
Document
Minimum Separator Reconfiguration

Authors: Guilherme C. M. Gomes, Clément Legrand-Duchesne, Reem Mahmoud, Amer E. Mouawad, Yoshio Okamoto, Vinicius F. dos Santos, and Tom C. van der Zanden

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 285, 18th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2023)


Abstract
We study the problem of reconfiguring one minimum s-t-separator A into another minimum s-t-separator B in some n-vertex graph G containing two non-adjacent vertices s and t. We consider several variants of the problem as we focus on both the token sliding and token jumping models. Our first contribution is a polynomial-time algorithm that computes (if one exists) a minimum-length sequence of slides transforming A into B. We additionally establish that the existence of a sequence of jumps (which need not be of minimum length) can be decided in polynomial time (by an algorithm that also outputs a witnessing sequence when one exists). In contrast, and somewhat surprisingly, we show that deciding if a sequence of at most 𝓁 jumps can transform A into B is an NP-complete problem. To complement this negative result, we investigate the parameterized complexity of what we believe to be the two most natural parameterized counterparts of the latter problem; in particular, we study the problem of computing a minimum-length sequence of jumps when parameterized by the size k of the minimum s-t-separators and when parameterized by the number 𝓁 of jumps. For the first parameterization, we show that the problem is fixed-parameter tractable, but does not admit a polynomial kernel unless NP ⊆ coNP/poly. We complete the picture by designing a kernel with 𝒪(𝓁²) vertices and edges for the length 𝓁 of the sequence as a parameter.

Cite as

Guilherme C. M. Gomes, Clément Legrand-Duchesne, Reem Mahmoud, Amer E. Mouawad, Yoshio Okamoto, Vinicius F. dos Santos, and Tom C. van der Zanden. Minimum Separator Reconfiguration. In 18th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 285, pp. 9:1-9:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{c.m.gomes_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2023.9,
  author =	{C. M. Gomes, Guilherme and Legrand-Duchesne, Cl\'{e}ment and Mahmoud, Reem and Mouawad, Amer E. and Okamoto, Yoshio and F. dos Santos, Vinicius and C. van der Zanden, Tom},
  title =	{{Minimum Separator Reconfiguration}},
  booktitle =	{18th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2023)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-305-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{285},
  editor =	{Misra, Neeldhara and Wahlstr\"{o}m, Magnus},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2023.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-194288},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2023.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: minimum separators, combinatorial reconfiguration, parameterized complexity, kernelization}
}
Document
Gourds: A Sliding-Block Puzzle with Turning

Authors: Joep Hamersma, Marc van Kreveld, Yushi Uno, and Tom C. van der Zanden

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 181, 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)


Abstract
We propose a new kind of sliding-block puzzle, called Gourds, where the objective is to rearrange 1×2 pieces on a hexagonal grid board of 2n+1 cells with n pieces, using sliding, turning and pivoting moves. This puzzle has a single empty cell on a board and forms a natural extension of the 15-puzzle to include rotational moves. We analyze the puzzle and completely characterize the cases when the puzzle can always be solved. We also study the complexity of determining whether a given set of colored pieces can be placed on a colored hexagonal grid board with matching colors. We show this problem is NP-complete for arbitrarily many colors, but solvable in randomized polynomial time if the number of colors is a fixed constant.

Cite as

Joep Hamersma, Marc van Kreveld, Yushi Uno, and Tom C. van der Zanden. Gourds: A Sliding-Block Puzzle with Turning. In 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 181, pp. 33:1-33:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{hamersma_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.33,
  author =	{Hamersma, Joep and van Kreveld, Marc and Uno, Yushi and van der Zanden, Tom C.},
  title =	{{Gourds: A Sliding-Block Puzzle with Turning}},
  booktitle =	{31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)},
  pages =	{33:1--33:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-173-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{181},
  editor =	{Cao, Yixin and Cheng, Siu-Wing and Li, Minming},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.33},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-133773},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.33},
  annote =	{Keywords: computational complexity, divide-and-conquer, Hamiltonian cycle, puzzle game, (combinatorial) reconfiguration, sliding-block puzzle}
}
Document
How Does Object Fatness Impact the Complexity of Packing in d Dimensions?

Authors: Sándor Kisfaludi-Bak, Dániel Marx, and Tom C. van der Zanden

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
Packing is a classical problem where one is given a set of subsets of Euclidean space called objects, and the goal is to find a maximum size subset of objects that are pairwise non-intersecting. The problem is also known as the Independent Set problem on the intersection graph defined by the objects. Although the problem is NP-complete, there are several subexponential algorithms in the literature. One of the key assumptions of such algorithms has been that the objects are fat, with a few exceptions in two dimensions; for example, the packing problem of a set of polygons in the plane surprisingly admits a subexponential algorithm. In this paper we give tight running time bounds for packing similarly-sized non-fat objects in higher dimensions. We propose an alternative and very weak measure of fatness called the stabbing number, and show that the packing problem in Euclidean space of constant dimension d >=slant 3 for a family of similarly sized objects with stabbing number alpha can be solved in 2^O(n^(1-1/d) alpha) time. We prove that even in the case of axis-parallel boxes of fixed shape, there is no 2^o(n^(1-1/d) alpha) algorithm under ETH. This result smoothly bridges the whole range of having constant-fat objects on one extreme (alpha=1) and a subexponential algorithm of the usual running time, and having very "skinny" objects on the other extreme (alpha=n^(1/d)), where we cannot hope to improve upon the brute force running time of 2^O(n), and thereby characterizes the impact of fatness on the complexity of packing in case of similarly sized objects. We also study the same problem when parameterized by the solution size k, and give a n^O(k^(1-1/d) alpha) algorithm, with an almost matching lower bound: there is no algorithm with running time of the form f(k) n^o(k^(1-1/d) alpha/log k) under ETH. One of our main tools in these reductions is a new wiring theorem that may be of independent interest.

Cite as

Sándor Kisfaludi-Bak, Dániel Marx, and Tom C. van der Zanden. How Does Object Fatness Impact the Complexity of Packing in d Dimensions?. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 36:1-36:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{kisfaludibak_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.36,
  author =	{Kisfaludi-Bak, S\'{a}ndor and Marx, D\'{a}niel and van der Zanden, Tom C.},
  title =	{{How Does Object Fatness Impact the Complexity of Packing in d Dimensions?}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{36:1--36:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.36},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115327},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.36},
  annote =	{Keywords: Geometric intersection graph, Independent Set, Object fatness}
}
Document
On the Exact Complexity of Polyomino Packing

Authors: Hans L. Bodlaender and Tom C. van der Zanden

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 100, 9th International Conference on Fun with Algorithms (FUN 2018)


Abstract
We show that the problem of deciding whether a collection of polyominoes, each fitting in a 2 x O(log n) rectangle, can be packed into a 3 x n box does not admit a 2^{o(n/log{n})}-time algorithm, unless the Exponential Time Hypothesis fails. We also give an algorithm that attains this lower bound, solving any instance of polyomino packing with total area n in 2^{O(n/log{n})} time. This establishes a tight bound on the complexity of Polyomino Packing, even in a very restricted case. In contrast, for a 2 x n box, we show that the problem can be solved in strongly subexponential time.

Cite as

Hans L. Bodlaender and Tom C. van der Zanden. On the Exact Complexity of Polyomino Packing. In 9th International Conference on Fun with Algorithms (FUN 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 100, pp. 9:1-9:10, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{bodlaender_et_al:LIPIcs.FUN.2018.9,
  author =	{Bodlaender, Hans L. and van der Zanden, Tom C.},
  title =	{{On the Exact Complexity of Polyomino Packing}},
  booktitle =	{9th International Conference on Fun with Algorithms (FUN 2018)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:10},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-067-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{100},
  editor =	{Ito, Hiro and Leonardi, Stefano and Pagli, Linda and Prencipe, Giuseppe},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FUN.2018.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-88001},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FUN.2018.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: polyomino packing, exact complexity, exponential time hypothesis}
}
Document
Computing Treewidth on the GPU

Authors: Tom C. van der Zanden and Hans L. Bodlaender

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 89, 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)


Abstract
We present a parallel algorithm for computing the treewidth of a graph on a GPU. We implement this algorithm in OpenCL, and experimentally evaluate its performance. Our algorithm is based on an O*(2^n)-time algorithm that explores the elimination orderings of the graph using a Held-Karp like dynamic programming approach. We use Bloom filters to detect duplicate solutions. GPU programming presents unique challenges and constraints, such as constraints on the use of memory and the need to limit branch divergence. We experiment with various optimizations to see if it is possible to work around these issues. We achieve a very large speed up (up to 77x) compared to running the same algorithm on the CPU.

Cite as

Tom C. van der Zanden and Hans L. Bodlaender. Computing Treewidth on the GPU. In 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 89, pp. 29:1-29:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{vanderzanden_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.29,
  author =	{van der Zanden, Tom C. and Bodlaender, Hans L.},
  title =	{{Computing Treewidth on the GPU}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)},
  pages =	{29:1--29:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-051-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{89},
  editor =	{Lokshtanov, Daniel and Nishimura, Naomi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.29},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85671},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.29},
  annote =	{Keywords: treewidth, GPU, GPGPU, exact algorithms, graph algorithms, algorithm engineering}
}
Document
Subexponential Time Algorithms for Embedding H-Minor Free Graphs

Authors: Hans L. Bodlaender, Jesper Nederlof, and Tom C. van der Zanden

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 55, 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)


Abstract
We establish the complexity of several graph embedding problems: Subgraph Isomorphism, Graph Minor, Induced Subgraph and Induced Minor, when restricted to H-minor free graphs. In each of these problems, we are given a pattern graph P and a host graph G, and want to determine whether P is a subgraph (minor, induced subgraph or induced minor) of G. We show that, for any fixed graph H and epsilon > 0, if P is H-Minor Free and G has treewidth tw, (induced) subgraph can be solved 2^{O(k^{epsilon}*tw+k/log(k))}*n^{O(1)} time and (induced) minor can be solved in 2^{O(k^{epsilon}*tw+tw*log(tw)+k/log(k))}*n^{O(1)} time, where k = |V(P)|. We also show that this is optimal, in the sense that the existence of an algorithm for one of these problems running in 2^{o(n/log(n))} time would contradict the Exponential Time Hypothesis. This solves an open problem on the complexity of Subgraph Isomorphism for planar graphs. The key algorithmic insight is that dynamic programming approaches can be sped up by identifying isomorphic connected components in the pattern graph. This technique seems widely applicable, and it appears that there is a relatively unexplored class of problems that share a similar upper and lower bound.

Cite as

Hans L. Bodlaender, Jesper Nederlof, and Tom C. van der Zanden. Subexponential Time Algorithms for Embedding H-Minor Free Graphs. In 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 55, pp. 9:1-9:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{bodlaender_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.9,
  author =	{Bodlaender, Hans L. and Nederlof, Jesper and van der Zanden, Tom C.},
  title =	{{Subexponential Time Algorithms for Embedding H-Minor Free Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-013-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{55},
  editor =	{Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Mitzenmacher, Michael and Rabani, Yuval and Sangiorgi, Davide},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-62756},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: subgraph isomorphism, graph minors, subexponential time}
}
Document
Parameterized Complexity of Graph Constraint Logic

Authors: Tom C. van der Zanden

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 43, 10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015)


Abstract
Graph constraint logic is a framework introduced by Hearn and Demaine, which provides several problems that are often a convenient starting point for reductions. We study the parameterized complexity of Constraint Graph Satisfiability and both bounded and unbounded versions of Nondeterministic Constraint Logic (NCL) with respect to solution length, treewidth and maximum degree of the underlying constraint graph as parameters. As a main result we show that restricted NCL remains PSPACE-complete on graphs of bounded bandwidth, strengthening Hearn and Demaine's framework. This allows us to improve upon existing results obtained by reduction from NCL. We show that reconfiguration versions of several classical graph problems (including independent set, feedback vertex set and dominating set) are PSPACE-complete on planar graphs of bounded bandwidth and that Rush Hour, generalized to k*n boards, is PSPACE-complete even when k is at most a constant.

Cite as

Tom C. van der Zanden. Parameterized Complexity of Graph Constraint Logic. In 10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 43, pp. 282-293, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{vanderzanden:LIPIcs.IPEC.2015.282,
  author =	{van der Zanden, Tom C.},
  title =	{{Parameterized Complexity of Graph Constraint Logic}},
  booktitle =	{10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015)},
  pages =	{282--293},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-92-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{43},
  editor =	{Husfeldt, Thore and Kanj, Iyad},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2015.282},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-55906},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2015.282},
  annote =	{Keywords: Nondeterministic Constraint Logic, Reconfiguration Problems, Parameterized Complexity, Treewidth, Bandwidth}
}
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