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DOI: 10.4230/DagRep.4.6.108
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-48877
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2015/4887/
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schraefel, m.c. ; Churchill, Elizabeth F.
Weitere Beteiligte (Hrsg. etc.): m. c. schraefel and Elizabeth F. Churchill

Exploring Interdisciplinary Grand Challenges in ICT Design to Support Proactive Health and Wellbeing (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 14272)

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dagrep_v004_i006_p108_s14272.pdf (0.7 MB)


Abstract

There have been significant successes in ICT in eHealth. Examples include deploying mobile devices to improve drug adherence, designing Internet services to extend human expert contact, and developing devices and services that encourage engagement in proactive healthcare activities. From an infrastructure perspective, better supply-chain management has reduced healthcare and patient support costs. However, we believe that even greater benefits for improved Quality of Life (QoL) can be realized by broadening the eHealth agenda. We advocate moving upstream from medical intervention and healthcare for those already diagnosed as "il" to the design of sociotechnical technologies and systems aimed at fostering Proactive Health and Wellbeing. While not focused on medical health issues specifically, proactive strategies for wellbeing are key to long term health and thus to the reduction of healthcare needs and costs. Through support for lifestyle adjustments to focus more firmly on proactive strategies, we will no doubt achieve reductions in the number of people who become ill in the first place. This will, in turn, reduce the costs of healthcare support at individual, group and societal levels. Good examples are preventable lifestyle conditions such as obesity and heart disease. Two major challenges are clear, each of which has a number of sub-challenges. Our first challenge is to map key issues that are tractable in the short, medium and long term. To this end, an interdisciplinary group of researchers from academia and industry, with expertise in sports science, neurology, cardiology, computer science, psychology and sociology met to create a road map for research challenges around developing interactive technologies to support this proactive health and wellbeing agenda. This gathering of research leaders was the Perspectives Workshop on Interdisciplinary Grand Challenges in ICT Design to Support Proactive Health and Wellbeing. Here, we posed the question: What are the key Human Computer Interaction and Computer Science research challenges that need to be addressed for us to support more effective proactive health and wellbeing practices in the long term? We derived five key challenges which we propose to be the foundations for a new research area, "Wellth Sciences: 1) Developing Effective Methodologies, Measures and Metrics for Understanding Proactive Health and Wellbeing; 2) Understanding Motivation and Sensemaking with regard to experiential aspects of a proactive engagement with wellbeing and health; 3) Rethinking Design Practices; 4) Creating New Frameworks and Models; and 5) Rethinking the Phenomenology and Epistemology of "Health". These challenge areas are detailed in the following report, along with landmarks for success at 1, 5 and 10 year periods. The second major challenge is to foster a dedicated, multi-disciplinary research community focused on these issues. The Perspectives Workshop gave us the first step forward toward addressing this challenge. We offer a proposal for ongoing connection and collaboration between those assembled for the workshop, and for inviting others to address the research areas identified.

BibTeX - Entry

@Article{schraefel_et_al:DR:2015:4887,
  author =	{m.c. schraefel and Elizabeth F. Churchill},
  title =	{{Exploring Interdisciplinary Grand Challenges in ICT Design to Support Proactive Health and Wellbeing (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 14272)}},
  pages =	{108--123},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Reports},
  ISSN =	{2192-5283},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{4},
  number =	{6},
  editor =	{m. c. schraefel and Elizabeth F. Churchill},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2015/4887},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-48877},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagRep.4.6.108},
  annote =	{Keywords: Proactive Health, Proactive Wellbeing, Wellth, Wellth Creation, Quality of Life, methodology, interactive design, Health, wellness, computer science}
}

Keywords: Proactive Health, Proactive Wellbeing, Wellth, Wellth Creation, Quality of Life, methodology, interactive design, Health, wellness, computer science
Seminar: Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 4, Issue 6
Issue Date: 2015
Date of publication: 05.03.2015


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