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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2015.20
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-52923
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2015/5292/
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Abraham, Ittai ; Chechik, Shiri ; Krauthgamer, Robert ; Wieder, Udi

Approximate Nearest Neighbor Search in Metrics of Planar Graphs

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Abstract

We investigate the problem of approximate Nearest-Neighbor Search (NNS) in graphical metrics: The task is to preprocess an edge-weighted graph G=(V,E) on m vertices and a small "dataset" D \subset V of size n << m, so that given a query point q \in V, one can quickly approximate dist(q,D) (the distance from q to its closest vertex in D) and find a vertex a \in D within this approximated distance. We assume the query algorithm has access to a distance oracle, that quickly evaluates the exact distance between any pair of vertices. For planar graphs G with maximum degree Delta, we show how to efficiently construct a compact data structure -- of size ~O(n(Delta+1/epsilon)) -- that answers (1+epsilon)-NNS queries in time ~O(Delta+1/epsilon). Thus, as far as NNS applications are concerned, metrics derived from bounded-degree planar graphs behave as low-dimensional metrics, even though planar metrics do not necessarily have a low doubling dimension, nor can they be embedded with low distortion into l_2. We complement our algorithmic result by lower bounds showing that the access to an exact distance oracle (rather than an approximate one) and the dependency on Delta (in query time) are both essential.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{abraham_et_al:LIPIcs:2015:5292,
  author =	{Ittai Abraham and Shiri Chechik and Robert Krauthgamer and Udi Wieder},
  title =	{{Approximate Nearest Neighbor Search in Metrics of Planar Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2015)},
  pages =	{20--42},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-89-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{40},
  editor =	{Naveen Garg and Klaus Jansen and Anup Rao and Jos{\'e} D. P. Rolim},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2015/5292},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-52923},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2015.20},
  annote =	{Keywords: Data Structures, Nearest Neighbor Search, Planar Graphs, Planar Metrics, Planar Separator}
}

Keywords: Data Structures, Nearest Neighbor Search, Planar Graphs, Planar Metrics, Planar Separator
Seminar: Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2015)
Issue Date: 2015
Date of publication: 28.07.2015


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