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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-88386
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Boundary Labeling for Rectangular Diagrams

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Abstract

Given a set of n points (sites) inside a rectangle R and n points (label locations or ports) on its boundary, a boundary labeling problem seeks ways of connecting every site to a distinct port while achieving different labeling aesthetics. We examine the scenario when the connecting lines (leaders) are drawn as axis-aligned polylines with few bends, every leader lies strictly inside R, no two leaders cross, and the sum of the lengths of all the leaders is minimized. In a k-sided boundary labeling problem, where 1 <= k <= 4, the label locations are located on the k consecutive sides of R. In this paper we develop an O(n^3 log n)-time algorithm for 2-sided boundary labeling, where the leaders are restricted to have one bend. This improves the previously best known O(n^8 log n)-time algorithm of Kindermann et al. (Algorithmica, 76(1):225-258, 2016). We show the problem is polynomial-time solvable in more general settings such as when the ports are located on more than two sides of R, in the presence of obstacles, and even when the objective is to minimize the total number of bends. Our results improve the previous algorithms on boundary labeling with obstacles, as well as provide the first polynomial-time algorithms for minimizing the total leader length and number of bends for 3- and 4-sided boundary labeling. These results settle a number of open questions on the boundary labeling problems (Wolff, Handbook of Graph Drawing, Chapter 23, Table 23.1, 2014).

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{bose_et_al:LIPIcs:2018:8838,
  author =	{Prosenjit Bose and Paz Carmi and J. Mark Keil and Saeed Mehrabi and Debajyoti Mondal},
  title =	{{Boundary Labeling for Rectangular Diagrams}},
  booktitle =	{16th Scandinavian Symposium and Workshops on Algorithm  Theory (SWAT 2018)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-068-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{101},
  editor =	{David Eppstein},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/8838},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-88386},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SWAT.2018.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: Boundary labeling, Dynamic programming, Outerstring graphs}
}

Keywords: Boundary labeling, Dynamic programming, Outerstring graphs
Seminar: 16th Scandinavian Symposium and Workshops on Algorithm Theory (SWAT 2018)
Issue date: 2018
Date of publication: 2018


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