Transparency by Design (Dagstuhl Seminar 21231)

Authors Judy Kay, Tsvi Kuflik, Michael Rovatsos and all authors of the abstracts in this report

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Author Details

Judy Kay
  • The University of Sydney, AU
Tsvi Kuflik
  • Haifa University, IL
Michael Rovatsos
  • University of Edinburgh, GB
and all authors of the abstracts in this report

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Judy Kay, Tsvi Kuflik, and Michael Rovatsos. Transparency by Design (Dagstuhl Seminar 21231). In Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp. 1-22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


This report documents the program and outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 21231 on "Transparency by Design" held in June 2021. Despite extensive ongoing discussions surrounding fairness, accountability, and transparency in the context of ethical issues around AI systems that are having an increasing impact on society, the notion of transparency - closely linked to explainability and interpretability - has largely eluded systematic treatment within computer science to date. The purpose of this Dagstuhl Seminar was to initiate a debate around theoretical foundations and practical methodologies around transparency in data-driven AI systems, with the overall aim of laying the foundations for a "transparency by design" framework – a framework for systems development methodology that integrates transparency in all stages of the software development process. Addressing this long-term challenge requires bringing together researchers from Artificial Intelligence, Human-Computer Interaction, and Software Engineering, as well as ethics specialists from the humanities and social sciences, which was a key objective for the four-day seminar conducted online.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Computing methodologies → Artificial intelligence
  • Human-centered computing → Human computer interaction (HCI)
  • Software and its engineering → Software development techniques
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Dagstuhl Seminar
  • Ethics
  • Human-ComputerInteraction
  • Software Engineering
  • Transparency


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