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Algorithmic Aspects of Information Theory (Dagstuhl Seminar 22301)

Authors Phokion G. Kolaitis, Andrej E. Romashchenko, Milan Studený, Dan Suciu, Tobias A. Boege and all authors of the abstracts in this report



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Author Details

Phokion G. Kolaitis
  • University of California - Santa Cruz, US & IBM Research, US
Andrej E. Romashchenko
  • University of Montpellier - LIRMM, FR & CNRS, FR
Milan Studený
  • The Czech Academy of Sciences - Prague, CZ
Dan Suciu
  • University of Washington - Seattle, US
Tobias A. Boege
  • MPI für Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften - Leipzig, DE
and all authors of the abstracts in this report

Cite AsGet BibTex

Phokion G. Kolaitis, Andrej E. Romashchenko, Milan Studený, Dan Suciu, and Tobias A. Boege. Algorithmic Aspects of Information Theory (Dagstuhl Seminar 22301). In Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 12, Issue 7, pp. 180-204, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)
https://doi.org/10.4230/DagRep.12.7.180

Abstract

This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 22301 "Algorithmic Aspects of Information Theory". Constraints on entropies constitute the "laws of information theory". These constraints go well beyond Shannon’s basic information inequalities, as they include not only information inequalities that cannot be derived from Shannon’s basic inequalities, but also conditional inequalities and disjunctive inequalities that are valid for all entropic functions. There is an extensive body of research on constraints on entropies and their applications to different areas of mathematics and computer science. So far, however, little progress has been made on the algorithmic aspects of information theory. In fact, even fundamental questions about the decidability of information inequalities and their variants have remained open to date. Recently, research in different applications has demonstrated a clear need for algorithmic solutions to questions in information theory. These applications include: finding tight upper bounds on the answer to a query on a relational database, the homomorphism domination problem and its uses in query optimization, the conditional independence implication problem, soft constraints in databases, group-theoretic inequalities, and lower bounds on the information ratio in secret sharing. Thus far, the information-theory community has had little interaction with the communities where these applications have been studied or with the computational complexity community. The main goal of this Dagstuhl Seminar was to bring together researchers from the aforementioned communities and to develop an agenda for studying algorithmic aspects of information theory, motivated from a rich set of diverse applications. By using the algorithmic lens to examine the common problems and by transferring techniques from one community to the other, we expected that bridges would be created and some tangible progress on open questions could be made.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Mathematics of computing → Information theory
  • Information systems → Database design and models
  • Mathematics of computing → Discrete mathematics
  • Mathematics of computing → Probabilistic inference problems
Keywords
  • Information theory
  • Information inequalities
  • Conditional independence structures
  • Database query evaluation and containment
  • Decision problems

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