Deterministic boundary recongnition and topology extraction for large sensor networks

Authors Sándor Fekete, Alexander Kröller, Dennis Pfisterer, Stefan Fischer

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Sándor Fekete
Alexander Kröller
Dennis Pfisterer
Stefan Fischer

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Sándor Fekete, Alexander Kröller, Dennis Pfisterer, and Stefan Fischer. Deterministic boundary recongnition and topology extraction for large sensor networks. In Algorithmic Aspects of Large and Complex Networks. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 5361, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2006)


We present a new framework for the crucial challenge of self-organization of a large sensor network. The basic scenario can be described as follows: Given a large swarm of immobile sensor nodes that have been scattered in a polygonal region, such as a street network. Nodes have no knowledge of size or shape of the environment or the position of other nodes. Moreover, they have no way of measuring coordinates, geometric distances to other nodes, or their direction. Their only way of interacting with other nodes is to send or to receive messages from any node that is within communication range. The objective is to develop algorithms and protocols that allow self-organization of the swarm into large-scale structures that reflect the structure of the street network, setting the stage for global routing, tracking and guiding algorithms. Our algorithms work in two stages: boundary recognition and topology extraction. All steps are strictly deterministic, yield fast distributed algorithms, and make no assumption on the distribution of nodes in the environment, other than sufficient density.
  • Distributed algorithms
  • sensor networks
  • boundary recognition
  • topology extraction


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