Towards Bridging the Gap between Sheet Music and Audio

Authors Christian Fremerey, Meinard Mueller, Michael Clausen

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Christian Fremerey
Meinard Mueller
Michael Clausen

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Christian Fremerey, Meinard Mueller, and Michael Clausen. Towards Bridging the Gap between Sheet Music and Audio. In Knowledge representation for intelligent music processing. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 9051, pp. 1-11, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2009)


Sheet music and audio recordings represent and describe music on different semantic levels. Sheet music describes abstract high-level parameters such as notes, keys, measures, or repeats in a visual form. Because of its explicitness and compactness, most musicologists discuss and analyze the meaning of music on the basis of sheet music. On the contrary, most people enjoy music by listening to audio recordings, which represent music in an acoustic form. In particular, the nuances and subtleties of musical performances, which are generally not written down in the score, make the music come alive. In this paper, we address the problem of bridging the gap between the sheet music domain and the audio domain. In particular, we discuss aspects on music representations, music synchronization, and optical music recognition, while indicating various strategies and open research problems.
  • Audio
  • sheet music
  • symbolic score
  • optical music recognition
  • music synchronization


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