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A 4/3-Approximation Algorithm for the Minimum 2-Edge Connected Multisubgraph Problem in the Half-Integral Case

Authors Sylvia Boyd, Joseph Cheriyan, Robert Cummings, Logan Grout, Sharat Ibrahimpur , Zoltán Szigeti, Lu Wang



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Author Details

Sylvia Boyd
  • School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Ottawa, Canada
Joseph Cheriyan
  • Department of Combinatorics and Optimization, University of Waterloo, Canada
Robert Cummings
  • Department of Combinatorics and Optimization, University of Waterloo, Canada
Logan Grout
  • Department of Combinatorics and Optimization, University of Waterloo, Canada
Sharat Ibrahimpur
  • Department of Combinatorics and Optimization, University of Waterloo, Canada
Zoltán Szigeti
  • University Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, G-SCOP, France
Lu Wang
  • Department of Combinatorics and Optimization, University of Waterloo, Canada

Acknowledgements

{SB}, {JC}, and {SI} thank BIRS, Canada for organizing the workshop on The Traveling Salesman Problem (2018), where some of the results in our references were presented.

Cite AsGet BibTex

Sylvia Boyd, Joseph Cheriyan, Robert Cummings, Logan Grout, Sharat Ibrahimpur, Zoltán Szigeti, and Lu Wang. A 4/3-Approximation Algorithm for the Minimum 2-Edge Connected Multisubgraph Problem in the Half-Integral Case. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 176, pp. 61:1-61:12, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.61

Abstract

Given a connected undirected graph G ̅ on n vertices, and non-negative edge costs c, the 2ECM problem is that of finding a 2-edge connected spanning multisubgraph of G ̅ of minimum cost. The natural linear program (LP) for 2ECM, which coincides with the subtour LP for the Traveling Salesman Problem on the metric closure of G ̅, gives a lower bound on the optimal cost. For instances where this LP is optimized by a half-integral solution x, Carr and Ravi (1998) showed that the integrality gap is at most 4/3: they show that the vector 4/3 x dominates a convex combination of incidence vectors of 2-edge connected spanning multisubgraphs of G ̅. We present a simpler proof of the result due to Carr and Ravi by applying an extension of Lovász’s splitting-off theorem. Our proof naturally leads to a 4/3-approximation algorithm for half-integral instances. Given a half-integral solution x to the LP for 2ECM, we give an O(n²)-time algorithm to obtain a 2-edge connected spanning multisubgraph of G ̅ whose cost is at most 4/3 c^T x.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Mathematics of computing → Paths and connectivity problems
  • Mathematics of computing → Approximation algorithms
  • Theory of computation → Routing and network design problems
Keywords
  • 2-Edge Connectivity
  • Approximation Algorithms
  • Subtour LP for TSP

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References

  1. Anthony Alexander, Sylvia Boyd, and Paul Elliott-Magwood. On the integrality gap of the 2-edge connected subgraph problem. Technical Report TR-2006-04, SITE, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada, 2006. URL: http://www.site.uottawa.ca/~sylvia/publications/AlexanderBoydElliottmagwood2EC.pdf.
  2. Jørgen Bang-Jensen, Harold N. Gabow, Tibor Jordán, and Zoltán Szigeti. Edge-Connectivity Augmentation with Partition Constraints. SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics, 12(2):160-207, 1999. URL: https://doi.org/10.1137/S0895480197324700.
  3. Sylvia Boyd, Yao Fu, and Yu Sun. A 5/4-approximation for subcubic 2EC using circulations and obliged edges. Discrete Applied Mathematics, 209:48-58, 2016. URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dam.2015.10.014.
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