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On the Separability Problem of String Constraints

Authors Parosh Aziz Abdulla, Mohamed Faouzi Atig, Vrunda Dave, Shankara Narayanan Krishna



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Parosh Aziz Abdulla
  • Uppsala University, Sweden
Mohamed Faouzi Atig
  • Uppsala University, Sweden
Vrunda Dave
  • IIT Bombay, India
Shankara Narayanan Krishna
  • IIT Bombay, India

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Parosh Aziz Abdulla, Mohamed Faouzi Atig, Vrunda Dave, and Shankara Narayanan Krishna. On the Separability Problem of String Constraints. In 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 171, pp. 16:1-16:19, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.16

Abstract

We address the separability problem for straight-line string constraints. The separability problem for languages of a class C by a class S asks: given two languages A and B in C, does there exist a language I in S separating A and B (i.e., I is a superset of A and disjoint from B)? The separability of string constraints is the same as the fundamental problem of interpolation for string constraints. We first show that regular separability of straight line string constraints is undecidable. Our second result is the decidability of the separability problem for straight-line string constraints by piece-wise testable languages, though the precise complexity is open. In our third result, we consider the positive fragment of piece-wise testable languages as a separator, and obtain an ExpSpace algorithm for the separability of a useful class of straight-line string constraints, and a Pspace-hardness result.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Security and privacy → Logic and verification
  • Theory of computation → Verification by model checking
Keywords
  • string constraints
  • separability
  • interpolants

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