Independent Range Sampling, Revisited

Authors Peyman Afshani, Zhewei Wei

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Peyman Afshani
Zhewei Wei

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Peyman Afshani and Zhewei Wei. Independent Range Sampling, Revisited. In 25th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 87, pp. 3:1-3:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


In the independent range sampling (IRS) problem, given an input set P of n points in R^d, the task is to build a data structure, such that given a range R and an integer t >= 1, it returns t points that are uniformly and independently drawn from P cap R. The samples must satisfy inter-query independence, that is, the samples returned by every query must be independent of the samples returned by all the previous queries. This problem was first tackled by Hu, Qiao and Tao in 2014, who proposed optimal structures for one-dimensional dynamic IRS problem in internal memory and one-dimensional static IRS problem in external memory. In this paper, we study two natural extensions of the independent range sampling problem. In the first extension, we consider the static IRS problem in two and three dimensions in internal memory. We obtain data structures with optimal space-query tradeoffs for 3D halfspace, 3D dominance, and 2D three-sided queries. The second extension considers weighted IRS problem. Each point is associated with a real-valued weight, and given a query range R, a sample is drawn independently such that each point in P cap R is selected with probability proportional to its weight. Walker's alias method is a classic solution to this problem when no query range is specified. We obtain optimal data structure for one dimensional weighted range sampling problem, thereby extending the alias method to allow range queries.
  • data structures
  • range searching
  • range sampling
  • random sampling


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