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STCON in Directed Unique-Path Graphs

Authors Sampath Kannan, Sanjeev Khanna, Sudeepa Roy



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Sampath Kannan
Sanjeev Khanna
Sudeepa Roy

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Sampath Kannan, Sanjeev Khanna, and Sudeepa Roy. STCON in Directed Unique-Path Graphs. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science. Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 2, pp. 256-267, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2008)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2008.1758

Abstract

We study the problem of space-efficient polynomial-time algorithms for {\em directed st-connectivity} (STCON). Given a directed graph $G$, and a pair of vertices $s, t$, the STCON problem is to decide if there exists a path from $s$ to $t$ in $G$. For general graphs, the best polynomial-time algorithm for STCON uses space that is only slightly sublinear. However, for special classes of directed graphs, polynomial-time poly-logarithmic-space algorithms are known for STCON. In this paper, we continue this thread of research and study a class of graphs called \emph{unique-path graphs with respect to source $s$}, where there is at most one simple path from $s$ to any vertex in the graph. For these graphs, we give a polynomial-time algorithm that uses $\tilde O(n^{\varepsilon})$ space for any constant $\varepsilon \in (0,1]$. We also give a polynomial-time, $\tilde O(n^\varepsilon)$-space algorithm to \emph{recognize} unique-path graphs. Unique-path graphs are related to configuration graphs of unambiguous log-space computations, but they can have some directed cycles. Our results may be viewed along the continuum of sublinear-space polynomial-time algorithms for STCON in different classes of directed graphs - from slightly sublinear-space algorithms for general graphs to $O(\log n)$ space algorithms for trees.
Keywords
  • Algorithm
  • complexity
  • st-connectivity

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