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Expected Window Mean-Payoff

Authors Benjamin Bordais, Shibashis Guha, Jean-François Raskin



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Author Details

Benjamin Bordais
  • ENS Rennes, France
Shibashis Guha
  • Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Jean-François Raskin
  • Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

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Benjamin Bordais, Shibashis Guha, and Jean-François Raskin. Expected Window Mean-Payoff. In 39th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 150, pp. 32:1-32:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2019.32

Abstract

We study the expected value of the window mean-payoff measure in Markov decision processes (MDPs) and Markov chains (MCs). The window mean-payoff measure strengthens the classical mean-payoff measure by measuring the mean-payoff over a window of bounded length that slides along an infinite path. This measure ensures better stability properties than the classical mean-payoff. Window mean-payoff has been introduced previously for two-player zero-sum games. As in the case of games, we study several variants of this definition: the measure can be defined to be prefix-independent or not, and for a fixed window length or for a window length that is left parametric. For fixed window length, we provide polynomial time algorithms for the prefix-independent version for both MDPs and MCs. When the length is left parametric, the problem of computing the expected value on MDPs is as hard as computing the mean-payoff value in two-player zero-sum games, a problem for which it is not known if it can be solved in polynomial time. For the prefix-dependent version, surprisingly, the expected window mean-payoff value cannot be computed in polynomial time unless P=PSPACE. For the parametric case and the prefix-dependent case, we manage to obtain algorithms with better complexities for MCs.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Mathematics of computing → Stochastic processes
  • Mathematics of computing → Probability and statistics
Keywords
  • mean-payoff
  • Markov decision processes
  • synthesis

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