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Symmetry and Similarity (Invited Talk)

Author Martin Grohe



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Author Details

Martin Grohe
  • RWTH Aachen University, Lehrstuhl Informatik 7, Ahornstr. 55, 52074 Aachen, Germany

Cite AsGet BibTex

Martin Grohe. Symmetry and Similarity (Invited Talk). In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, p. 2:1, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.2

Abstract

Deciding if two graphs are isomorphic, or equivalently, computing the symmetries of a graph, is a fundamental algorithmic problem. It has many interesting applications, and it is one of the few natural problems in the class NP whose complexity status is still unresolved. Three years ago, Babai (STOC 2016) gave a quasi-polynomial time isomorphism algorithm. Despite of this breakthrough, the question for a polynomial algorithm remains wide open. Related to the isomorphism problem is the problem of determining the similarity between graphs. Variations of this problems are known as robust graph isomorphism or graph matching (the latter in the machine learning and computer vision literature). This problem is significantly harder than the isomorphism problem, both from a complexity theoretical and from a practical point of view, but for many applications it is the more relevant problem. My talk will be a survey of recent progress on the isomorphism and on the similarity problem. I will focus on generic algorithmic strategies (as opposed to algorithms tailored towards specific graph classes) that have proved to be useful and interesting in various context, both theoretical and practical.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Mathematics of computing → Graph theory
  • Theory of computation → Graph algorithms analysis
Keywords
  • Graph Isomorphism
  • Graph Similarity
  • Graph Matching

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