Structural Parameterizations with Modulator Oblivion

Authors Ashwin Jacob, Fahad Panolan, Venkatesh Raman, Vibha Sahlot

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Ashwin Jacob
  • The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, HBNI, Chennai, India
Fahad Panolan
  • Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT Hyderabad, India
Venkatesh Raman
  • The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, HBNI, Chennai, India
Vibha Sahlot
  • The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, HBNI, Chennai, India

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Ashwin Jacob, Fahad Panolan, Venkatesh Raman, and Vibha Sahlot. Structural Parameterizations with Modulator Oblivion. In 15th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 180, pp. 19:1-19:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


It is known that problems like Vertex Cover, Feedback Vertex Set and Odd Cycle Transversal are polynomial time solvable in the class of chordal graphs. We consider these problems in a graph that has at most k vertices whose deletion results in a chordal graph, when parameterized by k. While this investigation fits naturally into the recent trend of what are called "structural parameterizations", here we assume that the deletion set is not given. One method to solve them is to compute a k-sized or an approximate (f(k) sized, for a function f) chordal vertex deletion set and then use the structural properties of the graph to design an algorithm. This method leads to at least k^O(k)n^O(1) running time when we use the known parameterized or approximation algorithms for finding a k-sized chordal deletion set on an n vertex graph. In this work, we design 2^O(k)n^O(1) time algorithms for these problems. Our algorithms do not compute a chordal vertex deletion set (or even an approximate solution). Instead, we construct a tree decomposition of the given graph in time 2^O(k)n^O(1) where each bag is a union of four cliques and O(k) vertices. We then apply standard dynamic programming algorithms over this special tree decomposition. This special tree decomposition can be of independent interest. Our algorithms are, what are sometimes called permissive in the sense that given an integer k, they detect whether the graph has no chordal vertex deletion set of size at most k or output the special tree decomposition and solve the problem. We also show lower bounds for the problems we deal with under the Strong Exponential Time Hypothesis (SETH).

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Mathematics of computing → Graph algorithms
  • Theory of computation → Parameterized complexity and exact algorithms
  • Parameterized Complexity
  • Chordal Graph
  • Tree Decomposition
  • Strong Exponential Time Hypothesis


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