L_1 Geodesic Farthest Neighbors in a Simple Polygon and Related Problems

Author Sang Won Bae

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Sang Won Bae

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Sang Won Bae. L_1 Geodesic Farthest Neighbors in a Simple Polygon and Related Problems. In 27th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 64, pp. 14:1-14:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


In this paper, we investigate the L_1 geodesic farthest neighbors in a simple polygon P, and address several fundamental problems related to farthest neighbors. Given a subset S subseteq P, an L_1 geodesic farthest neighbor of p in P from S is one that maximizes the length of L_1 shortest path from p in P. Our list of problems include: computing the diameter, radius, center, farthest-neighbor Voronoi diagram, and two-center of S under the L_1 geodesic distance. We show that all these problems can be solved in linear or near-linear time based on our new observations on farthest neighbors and extreme points. Among them, the key observation shows that there are at most four extreme points of any compact subset S subseteq P with respect to the L_1 geodesic distance after removing redundancy.
  • simple polygon
  • L_1 geodesic distance
  • farthest neighbor
  • farthest-neighbor Voronoi diagram
  • k-center


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