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Degree-Constrained Orientation of Maximum Satisfaction: Graph Classes and Parameterized Complexity

Authors Hans L. Bodlaender, Hirotaka Ono, Yota Otachi



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Hans L. Bodlaender
Hirotaka Ono
Yota Otachi

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Hans L. Bodlaender, Hirotaka Ono, and Yota Otachi. Degree-Constrained Orientation of Maximum Satisfaction: Graph Classes and Parameterized Complexity. In 27th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 64, pp. 20:1-20:12, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2016.20

Abstract

The problem Max W-Light (Max W-Heavy) for an undirected graph is to assign a direction to each edge so that the number of vertices of outdegree at most W (resp. at least W) is maximized. It is known that these problems are NP-hard even for fixed W. For example, Max 0-Light is equivalent to the problem of finding a maximum independent set. In this paper, we show that for any fixed constant W, Max W-Heavy can be solved in linear time for hereditary graph classes for which treewidth is bounded by a function of degeneracy. We show that such graph classes include chordal graphs, circular-arc graphs, d-trapezoid graphs, chordal bipartite graphs, and graphs of bounded clique-width. To have a polynomial-time algorithm for Max W-Light, we need an additional condition of a polynomial upper bound on the number of potential maximal cliques to apply the metatheorem by Fomin, Todinca, and Villanger [SIAM J. Comput., 44(1):57-87, 2015]. The aforementioned graph classes, except bounded clique-width graphs, satisfy such a condition. For graphs of bounded clique-width, we present a dynamic programming approach not using the metatheorem to show that it is actually polynomial-time solvable for this graph class too. We also study the parameterized complexity of the problems and show some tractability and intractability results.
Keywords
  • orientation
  • graph class
  • width parameter
  • parameterized complexity

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