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Space-Efficient Plane-Sweep Algorithms

Authors Amr Elmasry, Frank Kammer



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Amr Elmasry
Frank Kammer

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Amr Elmasry and Frank Kammer. Space-Efficient Plane-Sweep Algorithms. In 27th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 64, pp. 30:1-30:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2016.30

Abstract

We introduce space-efficient plane-sweep algorithms for basic planar geometric problems. It is assumed that the input is in a read-only array of n items and that the available workspace is Theta(s) bits, where lg n <= s <= n * lg n. Three techniques that can be used as general tools in different space-efficient algorithms are introduced and employed within our algorithms. In particular, we give an almost-optimal algorithm for finding the closest pair among a set of n points that runs in O(n^2 /s + n * lg s) time. We also give a simple algorithm to enumerate the intersections of n line segments that runs in O((n^2 /s^{2/3}) * lg s + k) time, where k is the number of intersections. The counting version can be solved in O((n^2/s^{2/3}) * lg s) time. When the segments are axis-parallel, we give an O((n^2/s) * lg^{4/3} s + n^{4/3} * lg^{1/3} n)-time algorithm that counts the intersections and an O((n^2/s) * lg s * lg lg s + n * lg s + k)-time algorithm that enumerates the intersections, where k is the number of intersections. We finally present an algorithm that runs in O((n^2 /s + n * lg s) * sqrt{(n/s) * lg n}) time to calculate Klee's measure of axis-parallel rectangles.
Keywords
  • closest pair
  • line-segments intersection
  • Klee's measure

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