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Opinion Forming in Erdös-Rényi Random Graph and Expanders

Author Ahad N. Zehmakan



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Ahad N. Zehmakan
  • ETH Zurich, Switzerland

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Ahad N. Zehmakan. Opinion Forming in Erdös-Rényi Random Graph and Expanders. In 29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 123, pp. 4:1-4:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.4

Abstract

Assume for a graph G=(V,E) and an initial configuration, where each node is blue or red, in each discrete-time round all nodes simultaneously update their color to the most frequent color in their neighborhood and a node keeps its color in case of a tie. We study the behavior of this basic process, which is called majority model, on the Erdös-Rényi random graph G_{n,p} and regular expanders. First we consider the behavior of the majority model on G_{n,p} with an initial random configuration, where each node is blue independently with probability p_b and red otherwise. It is shown that in this setting the process goes through a phase transition at the connectivity threshold, namely (log n)/n. Furthermore, we say a graph G is lambda-expander if the second-largest absolute eigenvalue of its adjacency matrix is lambda. We prove that for a Delta-regular lambda-expander graph if lambda/Delta is sufficiently small, then the majority model by starting from (1/2-delta)n blue nodes (for an arbitrarily small constant delta>0) results in fully red configuration in sub-logarithmically many rounds. Roughly speaking, this means the majority model is an "efficient" and "fast" density classifier on regular expanders. As a by-product of our results, we show regular Ramanujan graphs are asymptotically optimally immune, that is for an n-node Delta-regular Ramanujan graph if the initial number of blue nodes is s <= beta n, the number of blue nodes in the next round is at most cs/Delta for some constants c,beta>0. This settles an open problem by Peleg [Peleg, 2014].

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation
Keywords
  • majority model
  • random graph
  • expander graphs
  • dynamic monopoly
  • bootstrap percolation

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