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# Unbounded Regions of High-Order Voronoi Diagrams of Lines and Segments in Higher Dimensions

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LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.62.pdf
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## Cite As

Gill Barequet, Evanthia Papadopoulou, and Martin Suderland. Unbounded Regions of High-Order Voronoi Diagrams of Lines and Segments in Higher Dimensions. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 62:1-62:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.62

## Abstract

We study the behavior at infinity of the farthest and the higher-order Voronoi diagram of n line segments or lines in a d-dimensional Euclidean space. The unbounded parts of these diagrams can be encoded by a Gaussian map on the sphere of directions S^(d-1). We show that the combinatorial complexity of the Gaussian map for the order-k Voronoi diagram of n line segments or lines is O(min{k,n-k} n^(d-1)), which is tight for n-k = O(1). All the d-dimensional cells of the farthest Voronoi diagram are unbounded, its (d-1)-skeleton is connected, and it does not have tunnels. A d-cell of the Voronoi diagram is called a tunnel if the set of its unbounded directions, represented as points on its Gaussian map, is not connected. In a three-dimensional space, the farthest Voronoi diagram of lines has exactly n^2-n three-dimensional cells, when n >= 2. The Gaussian map of the farthest Voronoi diagram of line segments or lines can be constructed in O(n^(d-1) alpha(n)) time, while if d=3, the time drops to worst-case optimal O(n^2).

## Subject Classification

##### ACM Subject Classification
• Theory of computation → Computational geometry
##### Keywords
• Voronoi diagram
• lines
• line segments
• higher-order
• order-k
• unbounded
• hypersphere arrangement
• great hyperspheres

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