On Uniformization in the Full Binary Tree

Author Alexander Rabinovich

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Alexander Rabinovich
  • The Blavatnik School of Computer Science, Tel Aviv University, Israel

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Alexander Rabinovich. On Uniformization in the Full Binary Tree. In 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 241, pp. 77:1-77:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


A function f uniformizes a relation R(X,Y) if R(X,f(X)) holds for every X in the domain of R. The uniformization problem for a logic L asks whether for every L-definable relation there is an L-definable function that uniformizes it. Gurevich and Shelah proved that no Monadic Second-Order (MSO) definable function uniformizes relation "Y is a one element subset of X" in the full binary tree. In other words, there is no MSO definable choice function in the full binary tree. The cross-section of a relation R(X,Y) at D is the set of all E such that R(D,E) holds. Hence, a function that uniformizes R chooses one element from every non-empty cross-section. The relation "Y is a one element subset of X" has finite and countable cross-sections. We prove that in the full binary tree the following theorems hold: ▶ Theorem (Finite cross-sections) If every cross-section of an MSO definable relation is finite, then it has an MSO definable uniformizer. ▶ Theorem (Uncountable cross-section) There is an MSO definable relation R such that every MSO definable relation included in R and with the same domain as R has an uncountable cross-section.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Logic and verification
  • Monadic Second-Order Logic
  • Uniformization


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