Buffered Streaming Edge Partitioning

Authors Adil Chhabra , Marcelo Fonseca Faraj , Christian Schulz , Daniel Seemaier

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Author Details

Adil Chhabra
  • Heidelberg University, Germany
Marcelo Fonseca Faraj
  • Heidelberg University, Germany
Christian Schulz
  • Heidelberg University, Germany
Daniel Seemaier
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany


We acknowledge support by DFG grant SCHU 2567/5-1. This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 882500). Moreover, we would like to acknowledge Dagstuhl Seminar 23331 on Recent Trends in Graph Decomposition [Karypis et al., 2024].

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Adil Chhabra, Marcelo Fonseca Faraj, Christian Schulz, and Daniel Seemaier. Buffered Streaming Edge Partitioning. In 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 301, pp. 5:1-5:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Addressing the challenges of processing massive graphs, which are prevalent in diverse fields such as social, biological, and technical networks, we introduce HeiStreamE and FreightE, two innovative (buffered) streaming algorithms designed for efficient edge partitioning of large-scale graphs. HeiStreamE utilizes an adapted Split-and-Connect graph model and a Fennel-based multilevel partitioning scheme, while FreightE partitions a hypergraph representation of the input graph. Besides ensuring superior solution quality, these approaches also overcome the limitations of existing algorithms by maintaining linear dependency on the graph size in both time and memory complexity with no dependence on the number of blocks of partition. Our comprehensive experimental analysis demonstrates that HeiStreamE outperforms current streaming algorithms and the re-streaming algorithm 2PS in partitioning quality (replication factor), and is more memory-efficient for real-world networks where the number of edges is far greater than the number of vertices. Further, FreightE is shown to produce fast and efficient partitions, particularly for higher numbers of partition blocks.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Streaming, sublinear and near linear time algorithms
  • Theory of computation → Graph algorithms analysis
  • graph partitioning
  • edge partitioning
  • streaming
  • online
  • buffered partitioning


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