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On-line Coloring between Two Lines

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LIPIcs.SOCG.2015.630.pdf
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Stefan Felsner, Piotr Micek, and Torsten Ueckerdt. On-line Coloring between Two Lines. In 31st International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 34, pp. 630-641, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.SOCG.2015.630

Abstract

We study on-line colorings of certain graphs given as intersection graphs of objects "between two lines", i.e., there is a pair of horizontal lines such that each object of the representation is a connected set contained in the strip between the lines and touches both. Some of the graph classes admitting such a representation are permutation graphs (segments), interval graphs (axis-aligned rectangles), trapezoid graphs (trapezoids) and cocomparability graphs (simple curves). We present an on-line algorithm coloring graphs given by convex sets between two lines that uses O(w^3) colors on graphs with maximum clique size w. In contrast intersection graphs of segments attached to a single line may force any on-line coloring algorithm to use an arbitrary number of colors even when w=2. The left-of relation makes the complement of intersection graphs of objects between two lines into a poset. As an aside we discuss the relation of the class C of posets obtained from convex sets between two lines with some other classes of posets: all 2-dimensional posets and all posets of height 2 are in C but there is a 3-dimensional poset of height 3 that does not belong to C. We also show that the on-line coloring problem for curves between two lines is as hard as the on-line chain partition problem for arbitrary posets.
Keywords
• intersection graphs
• cocomparability graphs
• on-line coloring

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References

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