Factoring Polynomials over Finite Fields using Balance Test

Author Chandan Saha

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Chandan Saha

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Chandan Saha. Factoring Polynomials over Finite Fields using Balance Test. In 25th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science. Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 1, pp. 609-620, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2008)


We study the problem of factoring univariate polynomials over finite fields. Under the assumption of the Extended Riemann Hypothesis (ERH), (Gao, 2001) designed a polynomial time algorithm that fails to factor only if the input polynomial satisfies a strong symmetry property, namely square balance. In this paper, we propose an extension of Gao's algorithm that fails only under an even stronger symmetry property. We also show that our property can be used to improve the time complexity of best deterministic algorithms on most input polynomials. The property also yields a new randomized polynomial time algorithm.
  • Algebraic Algorithms
  • polynomial factorization
  • finite fields


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