A Dichotomy Theorem for the General Minimum Cost Homomorphism Problem

Author Rustem Takhanov

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Rustem Takhanov

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Rustem Takhanov. A Dichotomy Theorem for the General Minimum Cost Homomorphism Problem. In 27th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science. Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 5, pp. 657-668, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2010)


In the constraint satisfaction problem ($CSP$), the aim is to find an assignment of values to a set of variables subject to specified constraints. In the minimum cost homomorphism problem ($MinHom$), one is additionally given weights $c_{va}$ for every variable $v$ and value $a$, and the aim is to find an assignment $f$ to the variables that minimizes $\sum_{v} c_{vf(v)}$. Let $MinHom\left( \Gamma \right)$ denote the $MinHom$ problem parameterized by the set of predicates allowed for constraints. $MinHom\left( \Gamma \right)$ is related to many well-studied combinatorial optimization problems, and concrete applications can be found in, for instance, defence logistics and machine learning. We show that $MinHom\left( \Gamma \right)$ can be studied by using algebraic methods similar to those used for CSPs. With the aid of algebraic techniques, we classify the computational complexity of $MinHom\left( \Gamma \right)$ for all choices of $\Gamma$. Our result settles a general dichotomy conjecture previously resolved only for certain classes of directed graphs, [Gutin, Hell, Rafiey, Yeo, European J. of Combinatorics, 2008].
  • Minimum cost homomorphisms problem
  • relational clones
  • constraint satisfaction problem
  • perfect graphs
  • supervised learning


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