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Network Design Problems with Bounded Distances via Shallow-Light Steiner Trees

Authors Markus Chimani, Joachim Spoerhase

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Markus Chimani
Joachim Spoerhase

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Markus Chimani and Joachim Spoerhase. Network Design Problems with Bounded Distances via Shallow-Light Steiner Trees. In 32nd International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 30, pp. 238-248, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


In a directed graph G with non-correlated edge lengths and costs, the network design problem with bounded distances asks for a cost-minimal spanning subgraph subject to a length bound for all node pairs. We give a bi-criteria (2+\varepsilon,O(n^{0.5+\varepsilon}))-approximation for this problem. This improves on the currently best known linear approximation bound, at the cost of violating the distance bound by a factor of at most 2+\varepsilon. In the course of proving this result, the related problem of directed shallow-light Steiner trees arises as a subproblem. In the context of directed graphs, approximations to this problem have been elusive. We present the first non-trivial result by proposing a (1+\varepsilon,O(|R|^{\varepsilon}))-ap\-proximation, where R is the set of terminals. Finally, we show how to apply our results to obtain an (\alpha+\varepsilon,O(n^{0.5+\varepsilon}))-approximation for light-weight directed \alpha-spanners. For this, no non-trivial approximation algorithm has been known before. All running times depends on n and \varepsilon and are polynomial in n for any fixed \varepsilon>0.
  • network design
  • approximation algorithm
  • shallow-light spanning trees
  • spanners


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