Faster Exact and Parameterized Algorithm for Feedback Vertex Set in Tournaments

Authors Mithilesh Kumar, Daniel Lokshtanov

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Mithilesh Kumar
Daniel Lokshtanov

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Mithilesh Kumar and Daniel Lokshtanov. Faster Exact and Parameterized Algorithm for Feedback Vertex Set in Tournaments. In 33rd Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 47, pp. 49:1-49:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


A tournament is a directed graph T such that every pair of vertices is connected by an arc. A feedback vertex set is a set S of vertices in T such that T\S is acyclic. In this article we consider the FEEDBACK VERTEX SET problem in tournaments. Here the input is a tournament T and an integer k, and the task is to determine whether T has a feedback vertex set of size at most k. We give a new algorithm for FEEDBACK VERTEX SET IN TOURNAMENTS. The running time of our algorithm is upper-bounded by O(1.6181^k + n^{O(1)}) and by O(1.466^n). Thus our algorithm simultaneously improves over the fastest known parameterized algorithm for the problem by Dom et al. running in time O(2^kk^{O(1)} + n^{O(1)}), and the fastest known exact exponential-time algorithm by Gaspers and Mnich with running time O(1.674^n). On the way to proving our main result we prove a strengthening of a special case of a graph partitioning theorem due to Bollobas and Scott. In particular we show that the vertices of any undirected m-edge graph of maximum degree d can be colored white or black in such a way that for each of the two colors, the number of edges with both endpoints of that color is between m/4-d/2 and m/4+d/2.
  • Parameterized algorithms
  • Exact algorithms
  • Feedback vertex set
  • Tour- naments
  • Graph partitions


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