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Independent Sets near the Lower Bound in Bounded Degree Graphs

Authors Zdenek Dvorák, Bernard Lidický



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Zdenek Dvorák
Bernard Lidický

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Zdenek Dvorák and Bernard Lidický. Independent Sets near the Lower Bound in Bounded Degree Graphs. In 34th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 66, pp. 28:1-28:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2017.28

Abstract

By Brook's Theorem, every n-vertex graph of maximum degree at most Delta >= 3 and clique number at most Delta is Delta-colorable, and thus it has an independent set of size at least n/Delta. We give an approximate characterization of graphs with independence number close to this bound, and use it to show that the problem of deciding whether such a graph has an independent set of size at least n/Delta+k has a kernel of size O(k).
Keywords
  • independent set
  • bounded degree
  • Delta-colorable
  • fixed parameter tractability

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