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Approximate Shortest Paths and Distance Oracles in Weighted Unit-Disk Graphs

Authors Timothy M. Chan, Dimitrios Skrepetos



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Timothy M. Chan
Dimitrios Skrepetos

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Timothy M. Chan and Dimitrios Skrepetos. Approximate Shortest Paths and Distance Oracles in Weighted Unit-Disk Graphs. In 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 99, pp. 24:1-24:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.24

Abstract

We present the first near-linear-time (1 + epsilon)-approximation algorithm for the diameter of a weighted unit-disk graph of n vertices, running in O(n log^2 n) time, for any constant epsilon>0, improving the near-O(n^{3/2})-time algorithm of Gao and Zhang [STOC 2003]. Using similar ideas, we can construct a (1+epsilon)-approximate distance oracle for weighted unit-disk graphs with O(1) query time, with a similar improvement in the preprocessing time, from near O(n^{3/2}) to O(n log^3 n). We also obtain new results for a number of other related problems in the weighted unit-disk graph metric, such as the radius and bichromatic closest pair. As a further application, we use our new distance oracle, along with additional ideas, to solve the (1 + epsilon)-approximate all-pairs bounded-leg shortest paths problem for a set of n planar points, with near O(n^{2.579}) preprocessing time, O(n^2 log n) space, and O(log{log n}) query time, improving thus the near-cubic preprocessing bound by Roditty and Segal [SODA 2007].
Keywords
  • shortest paths
  • distance oracles
  • unit-disk graphs
  • planar graphs

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References

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