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Classical Simulation of Yang-Baxter Gates

Authors Gorjan Alagic, Aniruddha Bapat, Stephen Jordan



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Gorjan Alagic
Aniruddha Bapat
Stephen Jordan

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Gorjan Alagic, Aniruddha Bapat, and Stephen Jordan. Classical Simulation of Yang-Baxter Gates. In 9th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2014). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 27, pp. 161-175, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2014)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2014.161

Abstract

A unitary operator that satisfies the constant Yang-Baxter equation immediately yields a unitary representation of the braid group B_n for every n >= 2. If we view such an operator as a quantum-computational gate, then topological braiding corresponds to a quantum circuit. A basic question is when such a representation affords universal quantum computation. In this work, we show how to classically simulate these circuits when the gate in question belongs to certain families of solutions to the Yang-Baxter equation. These include all of the qubit (i.e., d = 2) solutions, and some simple families that include solutions for arbitrary d >= 2. Our main tool is a probabilistic classical algorithm for efficient simulation of a more general class of quantum circuits. This algorithm may be of use outside the present setting.
Keywords
  • Quantum
  • Yang-Baxter
  • Braid
  • Anyon

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