Where Story and Media Meet: Computer Generation of Narrative Discourse

Authors Remi Ronfard, Nicolas Szilas

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Remi Ronfard
Nicolas Szilas

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Remi Ronfard and Nicolas Szilas. Where Story and Media Meet: Computer Generation of Narrative Discourse. In 2014 Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative. Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 41, pp. 164-176, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2014)


Story generation (including interactive narrative) consists of creating a narrative experience on computer by generating narrative events. It requires building an abstract computational model that can generate a variety of narrative events from a limited set of authored content. These models implement a "story logic", as they formalize the occurrence of an event in the story according to various algorithms. At the same time, these stories aim to be expressed to an audience using digital media, which requires a medium logic. In this contribution, we look at the relation between story logic and medium logic in the production of mediated narrative discourse. Using the terminology of Russian formalists and a metaphor borrowed from cinema production, we introduce three models of increasing complexity. In the first model, the story logic (fabulist) creates a fabula which is performed by the medium logic (director) to a screenplay then to the screen. In the second model, the story logic (screenwriter) generates a sjuzhet composed of narrative discourse acts that are staged by the medium logic (director). In the third model, the story and medium logics communicate bidirectionally as co-authors of the screenplay in order to render the story optimally.
  • narratology
  • interactive drama
  • media adaptation


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