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Embedded Program Annotations for WCET Analysis

Authors Bernhard Schommer, Christoph Cullmann, Gernot Gebhard, Xavier Leroy, Michael Schmidt, Simon Wegener



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Author Details

Bernhard Schommer
  • Saarland Informatics Campus, Saarland University Building E1.3, D-66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
Christoph Cullmann
  • AbsInt Angewandte Informatik GmbH, Science Park 1, D-66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
Gernot Gebhard
  • AbsInt Angewandte Informatik GmbH, Science Park 1, D-66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
Xavier Leroy
  • INRIA Paris, 2 rue Simone Iff, 75589 Paris, France
Michael Schmidt
  • AbsInt Angewandte Informatik GmbH, Science Park 1, D-66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
Simon Wegener
  • AbsInt Angewandte Informatik GmbH, Science Park 1, D-66123 Saarbrücken, Germany

Cite AsGet BibTex

Bernhard Schommer, Christoph Cullmann, Gernot Gebhard, Xavier Leroy, Michael Schmidt, and Simon Wegener. Embedded Program Annotations for WCET Analysis. In 18th International Workshop on Worst-Case Execution Time Analysis (WCET 2018). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 63, pp. 8:1-8:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)
https://doi.org/10.4230/OASIcs.WCET.2018.8

Abstract

We present __builtin_ais_annot(), a user-friendly, versatile way to transfer annotations (also known as flow facts) written on the source code level to the machine code level. To do so, we couple two tools often used during the development of safety-critical hard real-time systems, the formally verified C compiler CompCert and the static WCET analyzer aiT. CompCert stores the AIS annotations given via __builtin_ais_annot() in a special section of the ELF binary, which can later be extracted automatically by aiT.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Computer systems organization → Real-time systems
  • Hardware → Static timing analysis
  • Software and its engineering → Embedded software
  • Software and its engineering → Software verification
  • Software and its engineering → Automated static analysis
  • Software and its engineering → Compilers
Keywords
  • Worst-Case Execution Time (WCET) Analysis
  • Annotation Support
  • CompCert
  • Tool Coupling
  • aiT

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References

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