License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.106
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125137
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2020/12513/
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Abo Khamis, Mahmoud ; Kolaitis, Phokion G. ; Ngo, Hung Q. ; Suciu, Dan

Decision Problems in Information Theory

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LIPIcs-ICALP-2020-106.pdf (0.7 MB)


Abstract

Constraints on entropies are considered to be the laws of information theory. Even though the pursuit of their discovery has been a central theme of research in information theory, the algorithmic aspects of constraints on entropies remain largely unexplored. Here, we initiate an investigation of decision problems about constraints on entropies by placing several different such problems into levels of the arithmetical hierarchy. We establish the following results on checking the validity over all almost-entropic functions: first, validity of a Boolean information constraint arising from a monotone Boolean formula is co-recursively enumerable; second, validity of "tight" conditional information constraints is in Π⁰₃. Furthermore, under some restrictions, validity of conditional information constraints "with slack" is in Σ⁰₂, and validity of information inequality constraints involving max is Turing equivalent to validity of information inequality constraints (with no max involved). We also prove that the classical implication problem for conditional independence statements is co-recursively enumerable.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{abokhamis_et_al:LIPIcs:2020:12513,
  author =	{Mahmoud Abo Khamis and Phokion G. Kolaitis and Hung Q. Ngo and Dan Suciu},
  title =	{{Decision Problems in Information Theory}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)},
  pages =	{106:1--106:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-138-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{168},
  editor =	{Artur Czumaj and Anuj Dawar and Emanuela Merelli},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2020/12513},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125137},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.106},
  annote =	{Keywords: Information theory, decision problems, arithmetical hierarchy, entropic functions}
}

Keywords: Information theory, decision problems, arithmetical hierarchy, entropic functions
Collection: 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)
Issue Date: 2020
Date of publication: 29.06.2020


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