License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.129
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125362
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2020/12536/
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Gaboardi, Marco ; Nissim, Kobbi ; Purser, David

The Complexity of Verifying Loop-Free Programs as Differentially Private

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LIPIcs-ICALP-2020-129.pdf (0.7 MB)


Abstract

We study the problem of verifying differential privacy for loop-free programs with probabilistic choice. Programs in this class can be seen as randomized Boolean circuits, which we will use as a formal model to answer two different questions: first, deciding whether a program satisfies a prescribed level of privacy; second, approximating the privacy parameters a program realizes. We show that the problem of deciding whether a program satisfies ε-differential privacy is coNP^#P-complete. In fact, this is the case when either the input domain or the output range of the program is large. Further, we show that deciding whether a program is (ε,δ)-differentially private is coNP^#P-hard, and in coNP^#P for small output domains, but always in coNP^{#P^#P}. Finally, we show that the problem of approximating the level of differential privacy is both NP-hard and coNP-hard. These results complement previous results by Murtagh and Vadhan [Jack Murtagh and Salil P. Vadhan, 2016] showing that deciding the optimal composition of differentially private components is #P-complete, and that approximating the optimal composition of differentially private components is in P.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{gaboardi_et_al:LIPIcs:2020:12536,
  author =	{Marco Gaboardi and Kobbi Nissim and David Purser},
  title =	{{The Complexity of Verifying Loop-Free Programs as Differentially Private}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)},
  pages =	{129:1--129:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-138-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{168},
  editor =	{Artur Czumaj and Anuj Dawar and Emanuela Merelli},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2020/12536},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125362},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.129},
  annote =	{Keywords: differential privacy, program verification, probabilistic programs}
}

Keywords: differential privacy, program verification, probabilistic programs
Collection: 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)
Issue Date: 2020
Date of publication: 29.06.2020


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