License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.AofA.2018.17
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-89100
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/8910/
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Dowden, Chris ; Kang, Mihyun ; Krivelevich, Michael

The Genus of the Erdös-Rényi Random Graph and the Fragile Genus Property

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Abstract

We investigate the genus g(n,m) of the Erdös-Rényi random graph G(n,m), providing a thorough description of how this relates to the function m=m(n), and finding that there is different behaviour depending on which `region' m falls into. Existing results are known for when m is at most n/(2) + O(n^{2/3}) and when m is at least omega (n^{1+1/(j)}) for j in N, and so we focus on intermediate cases. In particular, we show that g(n,m) = (1+o(1)) m/(2) whp (with high probability) when n << m = n^{1+o(1)}; that g(n,m) = (1+o(1)) mu (lambda) m whp for a given function mu (lambda) when m ~ lambda n for lambda > 1/2; and that g(n,m) = (1+o(1)) (8s^3)/(3n^2) whp when m = n/(2) + s for n^(2/3) << s << n. We then also show that the genus of fixed graphs can increase dramatically if a small number of random edges are added. Given any connected graph with bounded maximum degree, we find that the addition of epsilon n edges will whp result in a graph with genus Omega (n), even when epsilon is an arbitrarily small constant! We thus call this the `fragile genus' property.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{dowden_et_al:LIPIcs:2018:8910,
  author =	{Chris Dowden and Mihyun Kang and Michael Krivelevich},
  title =	{{The Genus of the Erd{\"o}s-R{\'e}nyi Random Graph and the Fragile Genus Property}},
  booktitle =	{29th International Conference on Probabilistic,  Combinatorial and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms  (AofA 2018)},
  pages =	{17:1--17:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-078-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{110},
  editor =	{James Allen Fill and Mark Daniel Ward},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/8910},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-89100},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.AofA.2018.17},
  annote =	{Keywords: Random graphs, Genus, Fragile genus}
}

Keywords: Random graphs, Genus, Fragile genus
Collection: 29th International Conference on Probabilistic, Combinatorial and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms (AofA 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 18.06.2018


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