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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-24898
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Relaxed Spanners for Directed Disk Graphs

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Abstract

Let $(V,\delta)$ be a finite metric space, where $V$ is a set of
$n$ points and $\delta$ is a distance function defined for these
points. Assume that $(V,\delta)$ has a constant doubling dimension
$d$ and assume that each point $p\in V$ has a disk of radius
$r(p)$ around it. The disk graph that corresponds to $V$ and
$r(\cdot)$ is a \emph{directed} graph $I(V,E,r)$, whose vertices
are the points of $V$ and whose edge set includes a directed edge
from $p$ to $q$ if $\delta(p,q)\leq r(p)$. In~\cite{PeRo08} we
presented an algorithm for constructing a $(1+\eps)$-spanner of
size $O(n/\eps^d \log M)$, where $M$ is the maximal radius $r(p)$.
The current paper presents two results. The first shows that the
spanner of~\cite{PeRo08} is essentially optimal, i.e., for metrics
of constant doubling dimension it is not possible to guarantee a
spanner whose size is independent of $M$. The second result shows
that by slightly relaxing the requirements and allowing a small
perturbation of the radius assignment, considerably better
spanners can be constructed. In particular, we show that if it is
allowed to use edges of the disk graph $I(V,E,r_{1+\eps})$, where
$r_{1+\eps}(p) = (1+\eps)\cdot r(p)$ for every $p\in V$, then it
is possible to get a $(1+\eps)$-spanner of size $O(n/\eps^d)$ for
$I(V,E,r)$. Our algorithm is simple and can be implemented
efficiently.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{peleg_et_al:LIPIcs:2010:2489,
  author =	{David Peleg and Liam Roditty},
  title =	{{Relaxed Spanners for Directed Disk Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science},
  pages =	{609--620},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-16-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2010},
  volume =	{5},
  editor =	{Jean-Yves Marion and Thomas Schwentick},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2010/2489},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-24898},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2010.2489},
  annote =	{Keywords: Spanners, directed graphs}
}

Keywords: Spanners, directed graphs
Seminar: 27th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science
Issue date: 2010
Date of publication: 09.03.2010


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