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The Lovász Theta Function for Random Regular Graphs and Community Detection in the Hard Regime

Authors: Jess Banks, Robert Kleinberg, and Cristopher Moore

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 81, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017)


Abstract
We derive upper and lower bounds on the degree d for which the Lovasz theta function, or equivalently sum-of-squares proofs with degree two, can refute the existence of a k-coloring in random regular graphs G(n,d). We show that this type of refutation fails well above the k-colorability transition, and in particular everywhere below the Kesten-Stigum threshold. This is consistent with the conjecture that refuting k-colorability, or distinguishing G(n,d) from the planted coloring model, is hard in this region. Our results also apply to the disassortative case of the stochastic block model, adding evidence to the conjecture that there is a regime where community detection is computationally hard even though it is information-theoretically possible. Using orthogonal polynomials, we also provide explicit upper bounds on the theta function for regular graphs of a given girth, which may be of independent interest.

Cite as

Jess Banks, Robert Kleinberg, and Cristopher Moore. The Lovász Theta Function for Random Regular Graphs and Community Detection in the Hard Regime. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 81, pp. 28:1-28:22, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{banks_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.28,
  author =	{Banks, Jess and Kleinberg, Robert and Moore, Cristopher},
  title =	{{The Lov\'{a}sz Theta Function for Random Regular Graphs and Community Detection in the Hard Regime}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017)},
  pages =	{28:1--28:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-044-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{81},
  editor =	{Jansen, Klaus and Rolim, Jos\'{e} D. P. and Williamson, David P. and Vempala, Santosh S.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.28},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-75771},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.28},
  annote =	{Keywords: Lov\'{a}sz Theta Function, Random Regular Graphs, Sum of Squares, Orthogonal Polynomials}
}
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