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Documents authored by Canetti, Ran


Document
On the Computational Hardness Needed for Quantum Cryptography

Authors: Zvika Brakerski, Ran Canetti, and Luowen Qian

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 251, 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)


Abstract
In the classical model of computation, it is well established that one-way functions (OWF) are minimal for computational cryptography: They are essential for almost any cryptographic application that cannot be realized with respect to computationally unbounded adversaries. In the quantum setting, however, OWFs appear not to be essential (Kretschmer 2021; Ananth et al., Morimae and Yamakawa 2022), and the question of whether such a minimal primitive exists remains open. We consider EFI pairs - efficiently samplable, statistically far but computationally indistinguishable pairs of (mixed) quantum states. Building on the work of Yan (2022), which shows equivalence between EFI pairs and statistical commitment schemes, we show that EFI pairs are necessary for a large class of quantum-cryptographic applications. Specifically, we construct EFI pairs from minimalistic versions of commitments schemes, oblivious transfer, and general secure multiparty computation, as well as from QCZK proofs from essentially any non-trivial language. We also construct quantum computational zero knowledge (QCZK) proofs for all of QIP from any EFI pair. This suggests that, for much of quantum cryptography, EFI pairs play a similar role to that played by OWFs in the classical setting: they are simple to describe, essential, and also serve as a linchpin for demonstrating equivalence between primitives.

Cite as

Zvika Brakerski, Ran Canetti, and Luowen Qian. On the Computational Hardness Needed for Quantum Cryptography. In 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 251, pp. 24:1-24:21, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{brakerski_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.24,
  author =	{Brakerski, Zvika and Canetti, Ran and Qian, Luowen},
  title =	{{On the Computational Hardness Needed for Quantum Cryptography}},
  booktitle =	{14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)},
  pages =	{24:1--24:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-263-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{251},
  editor =	{Tauman Kalai, Yael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.24},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-175278},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.24},
  annote =	{Keywords: quantum cryptography, efi, commitment scheme, oblivious transfer, zero knowledge, secure multiparty computation}
}
Document
08491 Abstracts Collection – Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security

Authors: Ran Canetti, Shafi Goldwasser, Günter Müller, and Rainer Steinwandt

Published in: Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8491, Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security (2009)


Abstract
From 30.11. to 05.12.2008, the Dagstuhl Seminar 08491 ``Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security '' was held in Schloss Dagstuhl~--~Leibniz Center for Informatics. During the seminar, several participants presented their current research, and ongoing work and open problems were discussed. Abstracts of the presentations given during the seminar as well as abstracts of seminar results and ideas are put together in this paper. The first section describes the seminar topics and goals in general. Links to extended abstracts or full papers are provided, if available.

Cite as

Ran Canetti, Shafi Goldwasser, Günter Müller, and Rainer Steinwandt. 08491 Abstracts Collection – Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security. In Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8491, pp. 1-16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2009)


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@InProceedings{canetti_et_al:DagSemProc.08491.1,
  author =	{Canetti, Ran and Goldwasser, Shafi and M\"{u}ller, G\"{u}nter and Steinwandt, Rainer},
  title =	{{08491 Abstracts Collection – Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security}},
  booktitle =	{Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security},
  pages =	{1--16},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2009},
  volume =	{8491},
  editor =	{Ran Canetti and Shafi Goldwasser and G\"{u}nter M\"{u}ller and Rainer Steinwandt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08491.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-18945},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08491.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Organic computing, self-organisation, design, adaptivity}
}
Document
08491 Executive Summary – Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security

Authors: Ran Canetti, Shafi Goldwasser, Günter Müller, and Rainer Steinwandt

Published in: Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8491, Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security (2009)


Abstract
Designing, building, and operating secure information processing systems is a complex task, and the only scientific way to address the diverse challenges arising throughout the life-cycle of security criticial systems is to consolidate and increase the knowledge of the theoretical foundations of practical security problems. To this aim, the mutual exchange of ideas across individual security research communities can be extraordinary beneficial. Accordingly, the motivation of this Dagstuhl seminar was the integration of different research areas with the common goal of providing an integral theoretical basis that is needed for the design of secure information processing systems.

Cite as

Ran Canetti, Shafi Goldwasser, Günter Müller, and Rainer Steinwandt. 08491 Executive Summary – Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security. In Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8491, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2009)


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@InProceedings{canetti_et_al:DagSemProc.08491.2,
  author =	{Canetti, Ran and Goldwasser, Shafi and M\"{u}ller, G\"{u}nter and Steinwandt, Rainer},
  title =	{{08491 Executive Summary – Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security }},
  booktitle =	{Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2009},
  volume =	{8491},
  editor =	{Ran Canetti and Shafi Goldwasser and G\"{u}nter M\"{u}ller and Rainer Steinwandt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08491.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-18938},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08491.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Organic computing, self-organisation, design, adaptivity}
}
Document
Modeling Computational Security in Long-Lived Systems

Authors: Ran Canetti, Ling Cheung, Dilsun Kaynar, Nancy Lynch, and Olivier Pereira

Published in: Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8491, Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security (2009)


Abstract
For many cryptographic protocols, security relies on the assumption that adversarial entities have limited computational power. This type of security degrades progressively over the lifetime of a protocol. However, some cryptographic services, such as timestamping services or digital archives, are emph{long-lived} in nature; they are expected to be secure and operational for a very long time (ie super-polynomial). In such cases, security cannot be guaranteed in the traditional sense: a computationally secure protocol may become insecure if the attacker has a super-polynomial number of interactions with the protocol. This paper proposes a new paradigm for the analysis of long-lived security protocols. We allow entities to be active for a potentially unbounded amount of real time, provided they perform only a polynomial amount of work emph{per unit of real time}. Moreover, the space used by these entities is allocated dynamically and must be polynomially bounded. We propose a new notion of emph{long-term implementation}, which is an adaptation of computational indistinguishability to the long-lived setting. We show that long-term implementation is preserved under polynomial parallel composition and exponential sequential composition. We illustrate the use of this new paradigm by analyzing some security properties of the long-lived timestamping protocol of Haber and Kamat.

Cite as

Ran Canetti, Ling Cheung, Dilsun Kaynar, Nancy Lynch, and Olivier Pereira. Modeling Computational Security in Long-Lived Systems. In Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8491, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2009)


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@InProceedings{canetti_et_al:DagSemProc.08491.3,
  author =	{Canetti, Ran and Cheung, Ling and Kaynar, Dilsun and Lynch, Nancy and Pereira, Olivier},
  title =	{{Modeling Computational Security in Long-Lived Systems}},
  booktitle =	{Theoretical Foundations of Practical Information Security},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2009},
  volume =	{8491},
  editor =	{Ran Canetti and Shafi Goldwasser and G\"{u}nter M\"{u}ller and Rainer Steinwandt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08491.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-18908},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08491.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Long lived security; universally composable security;}
}
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