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Documents authored by Domingue, John


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Trust, Accountability, and Autonomy in Knowledge Graph-Based AI for Self-Determination

Authors: Luis-Daniel Ibáñez, John Domingue, Sabrina Kirrane, Oshani Seneviratne, Aisling Third, and Maria-Esther Vidal

Published in: TGDK, Volume 1, Issue 1 (2023): Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge, Volume 1, Issue 1


Abstract
Knowledge Graphs (KGs) have emerged as fundamental platforms for powering intelligent decision-making and a wide range of Artificial Intelligence (AI) services across major corporations such as Google, Walmart, and AirBnb. KGs complement Machine Learning (ML) algorithms by providing data context and semantics, thereby enabling further inference and question-answering capabilities. The integration of KGs with neuronal learning (e.g., Large Language Models (LLMs)) is currently a topic of active research, commonly named neuro-symbolic AI. Despite the numerous benefits that can be accomplished with KG-based AI, its growing ubiquity within online services may result in the loss of self-determination for citizens as a fundamental societal issue. The more we rely on these technologies, which are often centralised, the less citizens will be able to determine their own destinies. To counter this threat, AI regulation, such as the European Union (EU) AI Act, is being proposed in certain regions. The regulation sets what technologists need to do, leading to questions concerning How the output of AI systems can be trusted? What is needed to ensure that the data fuelling and the inner workings of these artefacts are transparent? How can AI be made accountable for its decision-making? This paper conceptualises the foundational topics and research pillars to support KG-based AI for self-determination. Drawing upon this conceptual framework, challenges and opportunities for citizen self-determination are illustrated and analysed in a real-world scenario. As a result, we propose a research agenda aimed at accomplishing the recommended objectives.

Cite as

Luis-Daniel Ibáñez, John Domingue, Sabrina Kirrane, Oshani Seneviratne, Aisling Third, and Maria-Esther Vidal. Trust, Accountability, and Autonomy in Knowledge Graph-Based AI for Self-Determination. In Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge (TGDK), Volume 1, Issue 1, pp. 9:1-9:32, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@Article{ibanez_et_al:TGDK.1.1.9,
  author =	{Ib\'{a}\~{n}ez, Luis-Daniel and Domingue, John and Kirrane, Sabrina and Seneviratne, Oshani and Third, Aisling and Vidal, Maria-Esther},
  title =	{{Trust, Accountability, and Autonomy in Knowledge Graph-Based AI for Self-Determination}},
  journal =	{Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge},
  pages =	{9:1--9:32},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{1},
  number =	{1},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/TGDK.1.1.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-194839},
  doi =		{10.4230/TGDK.1.1.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: Trust, Accountability, Autonomy, AI, Knowledge Graphs}
}
Document
09271 Report – Perspectives Workshop: Semantic Web Reflections and Future Directions

Authors: John Domingue, Dieter Fensel, James A. Hendler, and Rudi Studer

Published in: Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 9271, Perspectives Workshop: Semantic Web Reflections and Future Directions (2010)


Abstract
With an ever increasing amount of data being stored and processed on computers, and the ubiquitous use of the Web for communication and dissemination of content, the world contains a vast amount of digital data that is growing ever faster. The available data is increasingly used to gain insights for science and research, to create commercial value, and to hold governments accountable. Semantic Web technologies for supporting machine-readable web content aim at facilitating the processing and integration of data from the open web environment where large portions of the publicly available data is being published. Since the first Dagstuhl seminar “Semantics on the Web” in 2000 the amount of machine-readable data on the web has exploded, and Semantic Web technologies have matured and made their way from research labs and universities into commercial applications. This report identifies lessons learned and future directions for the field as discussed at a Perspectives Workshop on Semantic Web, which took place in Dagstuhl, Germany, in June/July 2009.

Cite as

John Domingue, Dieter Fensel, James A. Hendler, and Rudi Studer. 09271 Report – Perspectives Workshop: Semantic Web Reflections and Future Directions. In Perspectives Workshop: Semantic Web Reflections and Future Directions. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 9271, pp. 1-22, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2010)


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@InProceedings{domingue_et_al:DagSemProc.09271.1,
  author =	{Domingue, John and Fensel, Dieter and Hendler, James A. and Studer, Rudi},
  title =	{{09271 Report – Perspectives Workshop: Semantic Web Reflections and Future Directions}},
  booktitle =	{Perspectives Workshop: Semantic Web Reflections and Future Directions},
  pages =	{1--22},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2010},
  volume =	{9271},
  editor =	{John Domingue and Dieter Fensel and James A. Fendler and Rudi Studer},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.09271.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-25335},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.09271.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Semantic Web, Semantic Web Services, eBusiness, SOA, Web Services, GRID, Web 2.0}
}
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