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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 80, 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)

We prove that whenever G is a graph from a nowhere dense graph class C, and A is a subset of vertices of G, then the number of subsets of A that are realized as intersections of A with r-neighborhoods of vertices of G is at most f(r,eps)|A|^(1+eps), where r is any positive integer, eps is any positive real, and f is a function that depends only on the class C. This yields a characterization of nowhere dense classes of graphs in terms of neighborhood complexity, which answers a question posed by [Reidl et al., CoRR, 2016]. As an algorithmic application of the above result, we show that for every fixed integer r, the parameterized Distance-r Dominating Set problem admits an almost linear kernel on any nowhere dense graph class. This proves a conjecture posed by [Drange et al., STACS 2016], and shows that the limit of parameterized tractability of Distance-r Dominating Set on subgraph-closed graph classes lies exactly on the boundary between nowhere denseness and somewhere denseness.

Kord Eickmeyer, Archontia C. Giannopoulou, Stephan Kreutzer, O-joung Kwon, Michal Pilipczuk, Roman Rabinovich, and Sebastian Siebertz. Neighborhood Complexity and Kernelization for Nowhere Dense Classes of Graphs. In 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 80, pp. 63:1-63:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)

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@InProceedings{eickmeyer_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.63, author = {Eickmeyer, Kord and Giannopoulou, Archontia C. and Kreutzer, Stephan and Kwon, O-joung and Pilipczuk, Michal and Rabinovich, Roman and Siebertz, Sebastian}, title = {{Neighborhood Complexity and Kernelization for Nowhere Dense Classes of Graphs}}, booktitle = {44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)}, pages = {63:1--63:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-041-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2017}, volume = {80}, editor = {Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Indyk, Piotr and Kuhn, Fabian and Muscholl, Anca}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.63}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-74288}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.63}, annote = {Keywords: Graph Structure Theory, Nowhere Dense Graphs, Parameterized Complexity, Kernelization, Dominating Set} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 62, 25th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2016)

We show that the model-checking problem for successor-invariant first-order logic is fixed-parameter tractable on graphs with excluded topological subgraphs when parameterised by both the size of the input formula and the size of the exluded topological subgraph. Furthermore, we show that model-checking for order-invariant first-order logic is tractable on coloured posets of bounded width, parameterised by both the size of the input formula and the width of the poset.
Results of this form, i.e. showing that model-checking for a certain logic is tractable on a certain class of structures, are often referred to as algorithmic meta-theorems since they give a unified proof for the tractability of a whole range of problems. First-order logic is arguably one of the most important logics in this context since it is powerful enough to express many computational problems (e.g. the existence of cliques, dominating sets etc.) and yet its model-checking problem is tractable on rich classes of graphs. In fact, Grohe et al have shown that model-checking for FO is tractable on all nowhere dense classes of graphs.
Successor-invariant FO is a semantic extension of FO by allowing the use of an additional binary relation which is interpreted as a directed Hamiltonian cycle, restricted to formulae whose truth value does not depend on the specific choice of a Hamiltonian cycle. While this is very natural in the context of model-checking (after all, storing a structure in computer memory usually brings with it a linear order on the structure), the question of how the computational complexity of the model-checking problem for this richer logic compares to that of plain FO is still open.
Our result for successor-invariant FO extends previous results for this logic on planar graphs and graphs with excluded minors, further narrowing the gap between what is known for FO and what is known for successor-invariant FO. The proof uses Grohe and Marx's structure theorem for graphs with excluded topological subgraphs. For order-invariant FO we show that Gajarský et al.'s recent result for FO carries over to order-invariant FO.

Kord Eickmeyer and Ken-ichi Kawarabayashi. Successor-Invariant First-Order Logic on Graphs with Excluded Topological Subgraphs. In 25th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 62, pp. 18:1-18:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

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@InProceedings{eickmeyer_et_al:LIPIcs.CSL.2016.18, author = {Eickmeyer, Kord and Kawarabayashi, Ken-ichi}, title = {{Successor-Invariant First-Order Logic on Graphs with Excluded Topological Subgraphs}}, booktitle = {25th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2016)}, pages = {18:1--18:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-022-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {62}, editor = {Talbot, Jean-Marc and Regnier, Laurent}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2016.18}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-65583}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2016.18}, annote = {Keywords: model-checking, algorithmic meta-theorem, successor-invariant, first-order logic, topological subgraphs, parameterised complexity} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 12, Computer Science Logic (CSL'11) - 25th International Workshop/20th Annual Conference of the EACSL (2011)

We investigate the expressive power of randomised first-order logic
(BPFO) on restricted classes of structures. While BPFO is
stronger than FO in general, even on structures with a built-in
addition relation, we show that BPFO is not stronger than FO
on structures with a unary vocabulary, nor on the class of
equivalence relations. The same techniques can be applied to show
that evenness of a linear order, and therefore graph connectivity,
can not be defined in BPFO. Finally, we show that there is an
FO[<]-definable query on word structures which can not be
defined in BPFO[+1].

Kord Eickmeyer. Non-Definability Results for Randomised First-Order Logic. In Computer Science Logic (CSL'11) - 25th International Workshop/20th Annual Conference of the EACSL. Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 12, pp. 218-232, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)

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@InProceedings{eickmeyer:LIPIcs.CSL.2011.218, author = {Eickmeyer, Kord}, title = {{Non-Definability Results for Randomised First-Order Logic}}, booktitle = {Computer Science Logic (CSL'11) - 25th International Workshop/20th Annual Conference of the EACSL}, pages = {218--232}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-32-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2011}, volume = {12}, editor = {Bezem, Marc}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2011.218}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-32333}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2011.218}, annote = {Keywords: descriptive complexity, randomised logics, derandomisation} }

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