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Documents authored by Epstein, Rogers


Document
Arithmetic Expression Construction

Authors: Leo Alcock, Sualeh Asif, Jeffrey Bosboom, Josh Brunner, Charlotte Chen, Erik D. Demaine, Rogers Epstein, Adam Hesterberg, Lior Hirschfeld, William Hu, Jayson Lynch, Sarah Scheffler, and Lillian Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 181, 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)


Abstract
When can n given numbers be combined using arithmetic operators from a given subset of {+,-,×,÷} to obtain a given target number? We study three variations of this problem of Arithmetic Expression Construction: when the expression (1) is unconstrained; (2) has a specified pattern of parentheses and operators (and only the numbers need to be assigned to blanks); or (3) must match a specified ordering of the numbers (but the operators and parenthesization are free). For each of these variants, and many of the subsets of {+,-,×,÷}, we prove the problem NP-complete, sometimes in the weak sense and sometimes in the strong sense. Most of these proofs make use of a rational function framework which proves equivalence of these problems for values in rational functions with values in positive integers.

Cite as

Leo Alcock, Sualeh Asif, Jeffrey Bosboom, Josh Brunner, Charlotte Chen, Erik D. Demaine, Rogers Epstein, Adam Hesterberg, Lior Hirschfeld, William Hu, Jayson Lynch, Sarah Scheffler, and Lillian Zhang. Arithmetic Expression Construction. In 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 181, pp. 12:1-12:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{alcock_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.12,
  author =	{Alcock, Leo and Asif, Sualeh and Bosboom, Jeffrey and Brunner, Josh and Chen, Charlotte and Demaine, Erik D. and Epstein, Rogers and Hesterberg, Adam and Hirschfeld, Lior and Hu, William and Lynch, Jayson and Scheffler, Sarah and Zhang, Lillian},
  title =	{{Arithmetic Expression Construction}},
  booktitle =	{31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-173-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{181},
  editor =	{Cao, Yixin and Cheng, Siu-Wing and Li, Minming},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.12},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-133568},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: Hardness, algebraic complexity, expression trees}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Property Testing of LP-Type Problems

Authors: Rogers Epstein and Sandeep Silwal

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 168, 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)


Abstract
Given query access to a set of constraints S, we wish to quickly check if some objective function φ subject to these constraints is at most a given value k. We approach this problem using the framework of property testing where our goal is to distinguish the case φ(S) ≤ k from the case that at least an ε fraction of the constraints in S need to be removed for φ(S) ≤ k to hold. We restrict our attention to the case where (S,φ) are LP-Type problems which is a rich family of combinatorial optimization problems with an inherent geometric structure. By utilizing a simple sampling procedure which has been used previously to study these problems, we are able to create property testers for any LP-Type problem whose query complexities are independent of the number of constraints. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work that connects the area of LP-Type problems and property testing in a systematic way. Among our results are property testers for a variety of LP-Type problems that are new and also problems that have been studied previously such as a tight upper bound on the query complexity of testing clusterability with one cluster considered by Alon, Dar, Parnas, and Ron (FOCS 2000). We also supply a corresponding tight lower bound for this problem and other LP-Type problems using geometric constructions.

Cite as

Rogers Epstein and Sandeep Silwal. Property Testing of LP-Type Problems. In 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 168, pp. 98:1-98:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{epstein_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.98,
  author =	{Epstein, Rogers and Silwal, Sandeep},
  title =	{{Property Testing of LP-Type Problems}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)},
  pages =	{98:1--98:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-138-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{168},
  editor =	{Czumaj, Artur and Dawar, Anuj and Merelli, Emanuela},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.98},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125056},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.98},
  annote =	{Keywords: property pesting, LP-Type problems, random sampling}
}
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