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Documents authored by Fan, Austen Z.


Document
Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming
The Fine-Grained Complexity of Boolean Conjunctive Queries and Sum-Product Problems

Authors: Austen Z. Fan, Paraschos Koutris, and Hangdong Zhao

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)


Abstract
We study the fine-grained complexity of evaluating Boolean Conjunctive Queries and their generalization to sum-of-product problems over an arbitrary semiring. For these problems, we present a general semiring-oblivious reduction from the k-clique problem to any query structure (hypergraph). Our reduction uses the notion of embedding a graph to a hypergraph, first introduced by Marx [Dániel Marx, 2013]. As a consequence of our reduction, we can show tight conditional lower bounds for many classes of hypergraphs, including cycles, Loomis-Whitney joins, some bipartite graphs, and chordal graphs. These lower bounds have a dependence on what we call the clique embedding power of a hypergraph H, which we believe is a quantity of independent interest. We show that the clique embedding power is always less than the submodular width of the hypergraph, and present a decidable algorithm for computing it. We conclude with many open problems for future research.

Cite as

Austen Z. Fan, Paraschos Koutris, and Hangdong Zhao. The Fine-Grained Complexity of Boolean Conjunctive Queries and Sum-Product Problems. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 127:1-127:20, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{fan_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.127,
  author =	{Fan, Austen Z. and Koutris, Paraschos and Zhao, Hangdong},
  title =	{{The Fine-Grained Complexity of Boolean Conjunctive Queries and Sum-Product Problems}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{127:1--127:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.127},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181791},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.127},
  annote =	{Keywords: Fine-grained complexity, conjunctive queries, semiring-oblivious reduction}
}
Document
Certifiable Robustness for Nearest Neighbor Classifiers

Authors: Austen Z. Fan and Paraschos Koutris

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 220, 25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022)


Abstract
ML models are typically trained using large datasets of high quality. However, training datasets often contain inconsistent or incomplete data. To tackle this issue, one solution is to develop algorithms that can check whether a prediction of a model is certifiably robust. Given a learning algorithm that produces a classifier and given an example at test time, a classification outcome is certifiably robust if it is predicted by every model trained across all possible worlds (repairs) of the uncertain (inconsistent) dataset. This notion of robustness falls naturally under the framework of certain answers. In this paper, we study the complexity of certifying robustness for a simple but widely deployed classification algorithm, k-Nearest Neighbors (k-NN). Our main focus is on inconsistent datasets when the integrity constraints are functional dependencies (FDs). For this setting, we establish a dichotomy in the complexity of certifying robustness w.r.t. the set of FDs: the problem either admits a polynomial time algorithm, or it is coNP-hard. Additionally, we exhibit a similar dichotomy for the counting version of the problem, where the goal is to count the number of possible worlds that predict a certain label. As a byproduct of our study, we also establish the complexity of a problem related to finding an optimal subset repair that may be of independent interest.

Cite as

Austen Z. Fan and Paraschos Koutris. Certifiable Robustness for Nearest Neighbor Classifiers. In 25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 220, pp. 6:1-6:20, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{fan_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.6,
  author =	{Fan, Austen Z. and Koutris, Paraschos},
  title =	{{Certifiable Robustness for Nearest Neighbor Classifiers}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-223-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{220},
  editor =	{Olteanu, Dan and Vortmeier, Nils},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-158809},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Inconsistent databases, k-NN classification, certifiable robustness}
}
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