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Documents authored by Lanini-Maggi, Sara


Document
Short Paper
The Effect of Abstract vs. Realistic 3D Visualization on Landmark and Route Knowledge Acquisition (Short Paper)

Authors: Armand Kapaj, Enru Lin, and Sara Lanini-Maggi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 240, 15th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2022)


Abstract
Even though humans perform it daily, navigation is a cognitively challenging process. Landmarks have been shown to facilitate navigation by scaffolding humans’ mental representation of space. However, how landmarks can be effectively communicated to pedestrians to support spatial learning of the traversed environment remains an open question. Therefore, we assessed how the visualization of landmarks on a mobile map (i.e., abstract 3D vs. realistic 3D symbols) influences participants’ spatial learning, visual attention allocation, and cognitive load during an outdoor map-assisted navigation task. We report initial results on how exposing pedestrians to different landmark visualization styles on mobile maps while navigating along a given route in an urban environment can have differing effects on how they remember landmarks and routes. Specifically, we find that navigators better remember landmarks visualized as 3D realistic-looking symbols compared to 3D abstract landmark symbols on the mobile map. The pattern of results shows that displaying realistic 3D landmark symbols at intersections potentially helps participants to remember route directions better than with landmarks depicted as abstract 3D symbols. The presented methodological approach contributes ecologically valid insights to further understand how the design of landmarks on mobile maps could support wayfinders' spatial learning during map-assisted navigation.

Cite as

Armand Kapaj, Enru Lin, and Sara Lanini-Maggi. The Effect of Abstract vs. Realistic 3D Visualization on Landmark and Route Knowledge Acquisition (Short Paper). In 15th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 240, pp. 15:1-15:8, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{kapaj_et_al:LIPIcs.COSIT.2022.15,
  author =	{Kapaj, Armand and Lin, Enru and Lanini-Maggi, Sara},
  title =	{{The Effect of Abstract vs. Realistic 3D Visualization on Landmark and Route Knowledge Acquisition}},
  booktitle =	{15th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2022)},
  pages =	{15:1--15:8},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-257-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{240},
  editor =	{Ishikawa, Toru and Fabrikant, Sara Irina and Winter, Stephan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.COSIT.2022.15},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-169000},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.COSIT.2022.15},
  annote =	{Keywords: Abstraction, realism, 3D, landmark visualization, mobile map design, cartography, real-world navigation, spatial learning}
}
Document
Vision Paper
The Future of Geographic Information Displays from GIScience, Cartographic, and Cognitive Science Perspectives (Vision Paper)

Authors: Tyler Thrash, Sara Lanini-Maggi, Sara I. Fabrikant, Sven Bertel, Annina Brügger, Sascha Credé, Cao Tri Do, Georg Gartner, Haosheng Huang, Stefan Münzer, and Kai-Florian Richter

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 142, 14th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2019)


Abstract
With the development of modern geovisual analytics tools, several researchers have emphasized the importance of understanding users' cognitive, perceptual, and affective tendencies for supporting spatial decisions with geographic information displays (GIDs). However, most recent technological developments have focused on support for navigation in terms of efficiency and effectiveness while neglecting the importance of spatial learning. In the present paper, we will envision the future of GIDs that also support spatial learning in the context of large-scale navigation. Specifically, we will illustrate the manner in which GIDs have been (in the past) and might be (in the future) designed to be context-responsive, personalized, and supportive for active spatial learning from three different perspectives (i.e., GIScience, cartography, and cognitive science). We will also explain why this approach is essential for preventing the technological infantilizing of society (i.e., the reduction of our capacity to make decisions without technological assistance). Although these issues are common to nearly all emerging digital technologies, we argue that these issues become especially relevant in consideration of a person’s current and future locations.

Cite as

Tyler Thrash, Sara Lanini-Maggi, Sara I. Fabrikant, Sven Bertel, Annina Brügger, Sascha Credé, Cao Tri Do, Georg Gartner, Haosheng Huang, Stefan Münzer, and Kai-Florian Richter. The Future of Geographic Information Displays from GIScience, Cartographic, and Cognitive Science Perspectives (Vision Paper). In 14th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 142, pp. 19:1-19:11, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{thrash_et_al:LIPIcs.COSIT.2019.19,
  author =	{Thrash, Tyler and Lanini-Maggi, Sara and Fabrikant, Sara I. and Bertel, Sven and Br\"{u}gger, Annina and Cred\'{e}, Sascha and Do, Cao Tri and Gartner, Georg and Huang, Haosheng and M\"{u}nzer, Stefan and Richter, Kai-Florian},
  title =	{{The Future of Geographic Information Displays from GIScience, Cartographic, and Cognitive Science Perspectives}},
  booktitle =	{14th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2019)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:11},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-115-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{142},
  editor =	{Timpf, Sabine and Schlieder, Christoph and Kattenbeck, Markus and Ludwig, Bernd and Stewart, Kathleen},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.COSIT.2019.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111113},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.COSIT.2019.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: visual displays, geographic information, cartography, cognitive science}
}
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