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Documents authored by Ortiz, Magdalena


Document
Research Directions for Principles of Data Management (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 16151)

Authors: Serge Abiteboul, Marcelo Arenas, Pablo Barceló, Meghyn Bienvenu, Diego Calvanese, Claire David, Richard Hull, Eyke Hüllermeier, Benny Kimelfeld, Leonid Libkin, Wim Martens, Tova Milo, Filip Murlak, Frank Neven, Magdalena Ortiz, Thomas Schwentick, Julia Stoyanovich, Jianwen Su, Dan Suciu, Victor Vianu, and Ke Yi

Published in: Dagstuhl Manifestos, Volume 7, Issue 1 (2018)


Abstract
The area of Principles of Data Management (PDM) has made crucial contributions to the development of formal frameworks for understanding and managing data and knowledge. This work has involved a rich cross-fertilization between PDM and other disciplines in mathematics and computer science, including logic, complexity theory, and knowledge representation. We anticipate on-going expansion of PDM research as the technology and applications involving data management continue to grow and evolve. In particular, the lifecycle of Big Data Analytics raises a wealth of challenge areas that PDM can help with. In this report we identify some of the most important research directions where the PDM community has the potential to make significant contributions. This is done from three perspectives: potential practical relevance, results already obtained, and research questions that appear surmountable in the short and medium term.

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Serge Abiteboul, Marcelo Arenas, Pablo Barceló, Meghyn Bienvenu, Diego Calvanese, Claire David, Richard Hull, Eyke Hüllermeier, Benny Kimelfeld, Leonid Libkin, Wim Martens, Tova Milo, Filip Murlak, Frank Neven, Magdalena Ortiz, Thomas Schwentick, Julia Stoyanovich, Jianwen Su, Dan Suciu, Victor Vianu, and Ke Yi. Research Directions for Principles of Data Management (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 16151). In Dagstuhl Manifestos, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp. 1-29, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@Article{abiteboul_et_al:DagMan.7.1.1,
  author =	{Abiteboul, Serge and Arenas, Marcelo and Barcel\'{o}, Pablo and Bienvenu, Meghyn and Calvanese, Diego and David, Claire and Hull, Richard and H\"{u}llermeier, Eyke and Kimelfeld, Benny and Libkin, Leonid and Martens, Wim and Milo, Tova and Murlak, Filip and Neven, Frank and Ortiz, Magdalena and Schwentick, Thomas and Stoyanovich, Julia and Su, Jianwen and Suciu, Dan and Vianu, Victor and Yi, Ke},
  title =	{{Research Directions for Principles of Data Management (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 16151)}},
  pages =	{1--29},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Manifestos},
  ISSN =	{2193-2433},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{7},
  number =	{1},
  editor =	{Abiteboul, Serge and Arenas, Marcelo and Barcel\'{o}, Pablo and Bienvenu, Meghyn and Calvanese, Diego and David, Claire and Hull, Richard and H\"{u}llermeier, Eyke and Kimelfeld, Benny and Libkin, Leonid and Martens, Wim and Milo, Tova and Murlak, Filip and Neven, Frank and Ortiz, Magdalena and Schwentick, Thomas and Stoyanovich, Julia and Su, Jianwen and Suciu, Dan and Vianu, Victor and Yi, Ke},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagMan.7.1.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-86772},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagMan.7.1.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: database theory, principles of data management, query languages, efficient query processing, query optimization, heterogeneous data, uncertainty, knowledge-enriched data management, machine learning, workflows, human-related data, ethics}
}
Document
Rewriting Guarded Existential Rules into Small Datalog Programs

Authors: Shqiponja Ahmetaj, Magdalena Ortiz, and Mantas Simkus

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 98, 21st International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2018)


Abstract
The goal of this paper is to understand the relative expressiveness of the query language in which queries are specified by a set of guarded (disjunctive) tuple-generating dependencies (TGDs) and an output (or 'answer') predicate. Our main result is to show that every such query can be translated into a polynomially-sized (disjunctive) Datalog program if the maximal number of variables in the (disjunctive) TGDs is bounded by a constant. To overcome the challenge that Datalog has no direct means to express the existential quantification present in TGDs, we define a two-player game that characterizes the satisfaction of the dependencies, and design a Datalog query that can decide the existence of a winning strategy for the game. For guarded disjunctive TGDs, we can obtain Datalog rules with disjunction in the heads. However, the use of disjunction is limited, and the resulting rules fall into a fragment that can be evaluated in deterministic single exponential time. We proceed quite differently for the case when the TGDs are not disjunctive and we show that we can obtain a plain Datalog query. Notably, unlike previous translations for related fragments, our translation requires only polynomial time if the maximal number of variables in the (disjunctive) TGDs is bounded by a constant.

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Shqiponja Ahmetaj, Magdalena Ortiz, and Mantas Simkus. Rewriting Guarded Existential Rules into Small Datalog Programs. In 21st International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 98, pp. 4:1-4:24, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{ahmetaj_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2018.4,
  author =	{Ahmetaj, Shqiponja and Ortiz, Magdalena and Simkus, Mantas},
  title =	{{Rewriting Guarded Existential Rules into Small Datalog Programs}},
  booktitle =	{21st International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2018)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-063-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{98},
  editor =	{Kimelfeld, Benny and Amsterdamer, Yael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2018.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85950},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2018.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Existential rules, Expressiveness, Descriptive Complexity, Query Rewriting}
}
Document
Verification of Evolving Graph-structured Data under Expressive Path Constraints

Authors: Diego Calvanese, Magdalena Ortiz, and Mantas Šimkus

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 48, 19th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2016)


Abstract
Integrity constraints play a central role in databases and, among other applications, are fundamental for preserving data integrity when databases evolve as a result of operations manipulating the data. In this context, an important task is that of static verification, which consists in deciding whether a given set of constraints is preserved after the execution of a given sequence of operations, for every possible database satisfying the initial constraints. In this paper, we consider constraints over graph-structured data formulated in an expressive Description Logic (DL) that allows for regular expressions over binary relations and their inverses, generalizing many of the well-known path constraint languages proposed for semi-structured data in the last two decades. In this setting, we study the problem of static verification, for operations expressed in a simple yet flexible language built from additions and deletions of complex DL expressions. We establish undecidability of the general setting, and identify suitable restricted fragments for which we obtain tight complexity results, building on techniques developed in our previous work for simpler DLs. As a by-product, we obtain new (un)decidability results for the implication problem of path constraints, and improve previous upper bounds on the complexity of the problem.

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Diego Calvanese, Magdalena Ortiz, and Mantas Šimkus. Verification of Evolving Graph-structured Data under Expressive Path Constraints. In 19th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 48, pp. 15:1-15:19, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{calvanese_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2016.15,
  author =	{Calvanese, Diego and Ortiz, Magdalena and \v{S}imkus, Mantas},
  title =	{{Verification of Evolving Graph-structured Data under Expressive Path Constraints}},
  booktitle =	{19th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2016)},
  pages =	{15:1--15:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-002-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{48},
  editor =	{Martens, Wim and Zeume, Thomas},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2016.15},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-57843},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2016.15},
  annote =	{Keywords: Path constraints, Description Logics, Graph databases, Static verification}
}
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