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Documents authored by Pacut, Maciej


Document
Online Algorithms with Randomly Infused Advice

Authors: Yuval Emek, Yuval Gil, Maciej Pacut, and Stefan Schmid

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
We introduce a novel method for the rigorous quantitative evaluation of online algorithms that relaxes the "radical worst-case" perspective of classic competitive analysis. In contrast to prior work, our method, referred to as randomly infused advice (RIA), does not make any assumptions about the input sequence and does not rely on the development of designated online algorithms. Rather, it can be applied to existing online randomized algorithms, introducing a means to evaluate their performance in scenarios that lie outside the radical worst-case regime. More concretely, an online algorithm ALG with RIA benefits from pieces of advice generated by an omniscient but not entirely reliable oracle. The crux of the new method is that the advice is provided to ALG by writing it into the buffer ℬ from which ALG normally reads its random bits, hence allowing us to augment it through a very simple and non-intrusive interface. The (un)reliability of the oracle is captured via a parameter 0 ≤ α ≤ 1 that determines the probability (per round) that the advice is successfully infused by the oracle; if the advice is not infused, which occurs with probability 1 - α, then the buffer ℬ contains fresh random bits (as in the classic online setting). The applicability of the new RIA method is demonstrated by applying it to three extensively studied online problems: paging, uniform metrical task systems, and online set cover. For these problems, we establish new upper bounds on the competitive ratio of classic online algorithms that improve as the infusion parameter α increases. These are complemented with (often tight) lower bounds on the competitive ratio of online algorithms with RIA for the three problems.

Cite as

Yuval Emek, Yuval Gil, Maciej Pacut, and Stefan Schmid. Online Algorithms with Randomly Infused Advice. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 44:1-44:19, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{emek_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.44,
  author =	{Emek, Yuval and Gil, Yuval and Pacut, Maciej and Schmid, Stefan},
  title =	{{Online Algorithms with Randomly Infused Advice}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{44:1--44:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.44},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186970},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.44},
  annote =	{Keywords: Online algorithms, competitive analysis, advice}
}
Document
Brief Announcement
Brief Announcement: Temporal Locality in Online Algorithms

Authors: Maciej Pacut, Mahmoud Parham, Joel Rybicki, Stefan Schmid, Jukka Suomela, and Aleksandr Tereshchenko

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 246, 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)


Abstract
Online algorithms make decisions based on past inputs, with the goal of being competitive against an algorithm that sees also future inputs. In this work, we introduce time-local online algorithms; these are online algorithms in which the output at any given time is a function of only T latest inputs. Our main observation is that time-local online algorithms are closely connected to local distributed graph algorithms: distributed algorithms make decisions based on the local information in the spatial dimension, while time-local online algorithms make decisions based on the local information in the temporal dimension. We formalize this connection, and show how we can directly use the tools developed to study distributed approximability of graph optimization problems to prove upper and lower bounds on the competitive ratio achieved with time-local online algorithms. Moreover, we show how to use computational techniques to synthesize optimal time-local algorithms.

Cite as

Maciej Pacut, Mahmoud Parham, Joel Rybicki, Stefan Schmid, Jukka Suomela, and Aleksandr Tereshchenko. Brief Announcement: Temporal Locality in Online Algorithms. In 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 246, pp. 52:1-52:3, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{pacut_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2022.52,
  author =	{Pacut, Maciej and Parham, Mahmoud and Rybicki, Joel and Schmid, Stefan and Suomela, Jukka and Tereshchenko, Aleksandr},
  title =	{{Brief Announcement: Temporal Locality in Online Algorithms}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)},
  pages =	{52:1--52:3},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-255-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{246},
  editor =	{Scheideler, Christian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.52},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-172431},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.52},
  annote =	{Keywords: Online algorithms, distributed algorithms}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
An Optimal Algorithm for Online Multiple Knapsack

Authors: Marcin Bienkowski, Maciej Pacut, and Krzysztof Piecuch

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 168, 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)


Abstract
In the online multiple knapsack problem, an algorithm faces a stream of items, and each item has to be either rejected or stored irrevocably in one of n bins (knapsacks) of equal size. The gain of an algorithm is equal to the sum of sizes of accepted items and the goal is to maximize the total gain. So far, for this natural problem, the best solution was the 0.5-competitive algorithm FirstFit (the result holds for any n ≥ 2). We present the first algorithm that beats this ratio, achieving the competitive ratio of 1/(1+ln(2))-O(1/n) ≈ 0.5906 - O(1/n). Our algorithm is deterministic and optimal up to lower-order terms, as the upper bound of 1/(1+ln(2)) for randomized solutions was given previously by Cygan et al. [TOCS 2016].

Cite as

Marcin Bienkowski, Maciej Pacut, and Krzysztof Piecuch. An Optimal Algorithm for Online Multiple Knapsack. In 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 168, pp. 13:1-13:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{bienkowski_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.13,
  author =	{Bienkowski, Marcin and Pacut, Maciej and Piecuch, Krzysztof},
  title =	{{An Optimal Algorithm for Online Multiple Knapsack}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-138-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{168},
  editor =	{Czumaj, Artur and Dawar, Anuj and Merelli, Emanuela},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.13},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-124207},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: online knapsack, multiple knapsacks, bin packing, competitive analysis}
}
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