Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 272, 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)

In 1992 Biró, Hujter and Tuza introduced, for every fixed connected graph H, the class of H-graphs, defined as the intersection graphs of connected subgraphs of some subdivision of H. Such classes of graphs are related to many known graph classes: for example, K₂-graphs coincide with interval graphs, K₃-graphs with circular-arc graphs, the union of T-graphs, where T ranges over all trees, coincides with chordal graphs. Recently, quite a lot of research has been devoted to understanding the tractability border for various computational problems, such as recognition or isomorphism testing, in classes of H-graphs for different graphs H.
In this work we undertake this research topic, focusing on the recognition problem. Chaplick, Töpfer, Voborník, and Zeman showed an XP-algorithm testing whether a given graph is a T-graph, where the parameter is the size of the tree T. In particular, for every fixed tree T the recognition of T-graphs can be solved in polynomial time. Tucker showed a polynomial time algorithm recognizing K₃-graphs (circular-arc graphs). On the other hand, Chaplick et al. showed also that for every fixed graph H containing two distinct cycles sharing an edge, the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard.
The main two results of this work narrow the gap between the NP-hard and 𝖯 cases of H-graph recognition. First, we show that the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard when H contains two distinct cycles. On the other hand, we show a polynomial-time algorithm recognizing L-graphs, where L is a graph containing a cycle and an edge attached to it (which we call lollipop graphs). Our work leaves open the recognition problems of M-graphs for every unicyclic graph M different from a cycle and a lollipop.

Deniz Ağaoğlu Çağırıcı, Onur Çağırıcı, Jan Derbisz, Tim A. Hartmann, Petr Hliněný, Jan Kratochvíl, Tomasz Krawczyk, and Peter Zeman. Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs. In 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 272, pp. 8:1-8:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{agaoglucagirici_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8, author = {A\u{g}ao\u{g}lu \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Deniz and \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Onur and Derbisz, Jan and Hartmann, Tim A. and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Kratochv{\'\i}l, Jan and Krawczyk, Tomasz and Zeman, Peter}, title = {{Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs}}, booktitle = {48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)}, pages = {8:1--8:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-292-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {272}, editor = {Leroux, J\'{e}r\^{o}me and Lombardy, Sylvain and Peleg, David}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185420}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8}, annote = {Keywords: H-graphs, Intersection Graphs, Helly Property} }

Document

Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)

A map is a 2-cell decomposition of a closed compact surface, i.e., an embedding of a graph such that every face is homeomorphic to an open disc. An automorphism of a map can be thought of as a permutation of the vertices which preserves the vertex-edge-face incidences in the embedding. When the underlying surface is orientable, every automorphism of a map determines an angle-preserving homeomorphism of the surface. While it is conjectured that there is no "truly subquadratic" algorithm for testing map isomorphism for unconstrained genus, we present a linear-time algorithm for computing the generators of the automorphism group of a map, parametrized by the genus of the underlying surface. The algorithm applies a sequence of local reductions and produces a uniform map, while preserving the automorphism group. The automorphism group of the original map can be reconstructed from the automorphism group of the uniform map in linear time. We also extend the algorithm to non-orientable surfaces by making use of the antipodal double-cover.

Ken-ichi Kawarabayashi, Bojan Mohar, Roman Nedela, and Peter Zeman. Automorphisms and Isomorphisms of Maps in Linear Time. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 86:1-86:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{kawarabayashi_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.86, author = {Kawarabayashi, Ken-ichi and Mohar, Bojan and Nedela, Roman and Zeman, Peter}, title = {{Automorphisms and Isomorphisms of Maps in Linear Time}}, booktitle = {48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)}, pages = {86:1--86:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-195-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {198}, editor = {Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.86}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141558}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.86}, annote = {Keywords: maps on surfaces, automorphisms, isomorphisms, algorithm} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 30, 32nd International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2015)

Interval graphs are intersection graphs of closed intervals and circle graphs are intersection graphs of chords of a circle. We study automorphism groups of these graphs. We show that interval graphs have the same automorphism groups as trees, and circle graphs have the same
as pseudoforests, which are graphs with at most one cycle in every connected component.
Our technique determines automorphism groups for classes with a
strong structure of all geometric representations, and it can be applied to other graph classes. Our results imply polynomial-time algorithms for computing automorphism groups in term of group products.

Pavel Klavík and Peter Zeman. Automorphism Groups of Geometrically Represented Graphs. In 32nd International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 30, pp. 540-553, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{klavik_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2015.540, author = {Klav{\'\i}k, Pavel and Zeman, Peter}, title = {{Automorphism Groups of Geometrically Represented Graphs}}, booktitle = {32nd International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2015)}, pages = {540--553}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-78-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2015}, volume = {30}, editor = {Mayr, Ernst W. and Ollinger, Nicolas}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2015.540}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-49408}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2015.540}, annote = {Keywords: automorphism group, geometric intersection graph, interval graph, circle graph} }

X

Feedback for Dagstuhl Publishing

Feedback submitted

Please try again later or send an E-mail